lte-ue.c 82.4 KB
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/*
 * Licensed to the OpenAirInterface (OAI) Software Alliance under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The OpenAirInterface Software Alliance licenses this file to You under
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 * the OAI Public License, Version 1.1  (the "License"); you may not use this file
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 * except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.openairinterface.org/?page_id=698
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * For more information about the OpenAirInterface (OAI) Software Alliance:
 *      contact@openairinterface.org
 */
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/*! \file lte-ue.c
 * \brief threads and support functions for real-time LTE UE target
 * \author R. Knopp, F. Kaltenberger, Navid Nikaein
 * \date 2015
 * \version 0.1
 * \company Eurecom
 * \email: knopp@eurecom.fr,florian.kaltenberger@eurecom.fr, navid.nikaein@eurecom.fr
 * \note
 * \warning
 */
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#include "lte-softmodem.h"
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#include "rt_wrapper.h"

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#ifdef OPENAIR2
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#include "LAYER2/MAC/defs.h"
#include "RRC/LITE/extern.h"
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#endif
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#include "PHY_INTERFACE/phy_stub_UE.h"
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#include "PHY_INTERFACE/extern.h"

#undef MALLOC //there are two conflicting definitions, so we better make sure we don't use it at all
//#undef FRAME_LENGTH_COMPLEX_SAMPLES //there are two conflicting definitions, so we better make sure we don't use it at all

#include "PHY/extern.h"
#include "SCHED/extern.h"
#include "LAYER2/MAC/extern.h"
#include "LAYER2/MAC/proto.h"
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#include <inttypes.h>
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//#include "openair2/PHY_INTERFACE/phy_stub_UE.h"

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#include "UTIL/LOG/log_extern.h"
#include "UTIL/OTG/otg_tx.h"
#include "UTIL/OTG/otg_externs.h"
#include "UTIL/MATH/oml.h"
#include "UTIL/LOG/vcd_signal_dumper.h"
#include "UTIL/OPT/opt.h"

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#include "T.h"

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extern double cpuf;
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extern uint8_t  nfapi_mode;
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#define FRAME_PERIOD    100000000ULL
#define DAQ_PERIOD      66667ULL
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#define FIFO_PRIORITY   40
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typedef enum {
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  pss=0,
  pbch=1,
  si=2
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} sync_mode_t;

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void init_UE_threads(int);
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void init_UE_threads_stub(int);
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void init_UE_single_thread_stub(int);
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void *UE_thread(void *arg);
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void init_UE(int nb_inst,int,int,int);
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void init_UE_stub(int nb_inst,int,int,char*);
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void init_UE_stub_single_thread(int nb_inst,int,int,char*);
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extern void oai_subframe_ind(uint16_t sfn, uint16_t sf);
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//extern int tx_req_UE_MAC1();
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void ue_stub_rx_handler(unsigned int, char *);

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int32_t **rxdata;
int32_t **txdata;
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int timer_subframe;
int timer_frame;
SF_ticking *phy_stub_ticking;

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#define KHz (1000UL)
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#define MHz (1000*KHz)
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typedef struct eutra_band_s {
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  int16_t band;
  uint32_t ul_min;
  uint32_t ul_max;
  uint32_t dl_min;
  uint32_t dl_max;
  lte_frame_type_t frame_type;
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} eutra_band_t;

typedef struct band_info_s {
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  int nbands;
  eutra_band_t band_info[100];
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} band_info_t;

band_info_t bands_to_scan;

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static const eutra_band_t eutra_bands[] = {
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  { 1, 1920    * MHz, 1980    * MHz, 2110    * MHz, 2170    * MHz, FDD},
  { 2, 1850    * MHz, 1910    * MHz, 1930    * MHz, 1990    * MHz, FDD},
  { 3, 1710    * MHz, 1785    * MHz, 1805    * MHz, 1880    * MHz, FDD},
  { 4, 1710    * MHz, 1755    * MHz, 2110    * MHz, 2155    * MHz, FDD},
  { 5,  824    * MHz,  849    * MHz,  869    * MHz,  894    * MHz, FDD},
  { 6,  830    * MHz,  840    * MHz,  875    * MHz,  885    * MHz, FDD},
  { 7, 2500    * MHz, 2570    * MHz, 2620    * MHz, 2690    * MHz, FDD},
  { 8,  880    * MHz,  915    * MHz,  925    * MHz,  960    * MHz, FDD},
  { 9, 1749900 * KHz, 1784900 * KHz, 1844900 * KHz, 1879900 * KHz, FDD},
  {10, 1710    * MHz, 1770    * MHz, 2110    * MHz, 2170    * MHz, FDD},
  {11, 1427900 * KHz, 1452900 * KHz, 1475900 * KHz, 1500900 * KHz, FDD},
  {12,  698    * MHz,  716    * MHz,  728    * MHz,  746    * MHz, FDD},
  {13,  777    * MHz,  787    * MHz,  746    * MHz,  756    * MHz, FDD},
  {14,  788    * MHz,  798    * MHz,  758    * MHz,  768    * MHz, FDD},
  {17,  704    * MHz,  716    * MHz,  734    * MHz,  746    * MHz, FDD},
  {20,  832    * MHz,  862    * MHz,  791    * MHz,  821    * MHz, FDD},
  {22, 3510    * MHz, 3590    * MHz, 3410    * MHz, 3490    * MHz, FDD},
  {33, 1900    * MHz, 1920    * MHz, 1900    * MHz, 1920    * MHz, TDD},
  {34, 2010    * MHz, 2025    * MHz, 2010    * MHz, 2025    * MHz, TDD},
  {35, 1850    * MHz, 1910    * MHz, 1850    * MHz, 1910    * MHz, TDD},
  {36, 1930    * MHz, 1990    * MHz, 1930    * MHz, 1990    * MHz, TDD},
  {37, 1910    * MHz, 1930    * MHz, 1910    * MHz, 1930    * MHz, TDD},
  {38, 2570    * MHz, 2620    * MHz, 2570    * MHz, 2630    * MHz, TDD},
  {39, 1880    * MHz, 1920    * MHz, 1880    * MHz, 1920    * MHz, TDD},
  {40, 2300    * MHz, 2400    * MHz, 2300    * MHz, 2400    * MHz, TDD},
  {41, 2496    * MHz, 2690    * MHz, 2496    * MHz, 2690    * MHz, TDD},
  {42, 3400    * MHz, 3600    * MHz, 3400    * MHz, 3600    * MHz, TDD},
  {43, 3600    * MHz, 3800    * MHz, 3600    * MHz, 3800    * MHz, TDD},
  {44, 703    * MHz, 803    * MHz, 703    * MHz, 803    * MHz, TDD},
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};

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pthread_t                       main_ue_thread;
pthread_attr_t                  attr_UE_thread;
struct sched_param              sched_param_UE_thread;

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void phy_init_lte_ue_transport(PHY_VARS_UE *ue,int absraction_flag);
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PHY_VARS_UE* init_ue_vars(LTE_DL_FRAME_PARMS *frame_parms,
			  uint8_t UE_id,
			  uint8_t abstraction_flag)
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{

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  PHY_VARS_UE* ue;

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  if (frame_parms!=(LTE_DL_FRAME_PARMS *)NULL) { // if we want to give initial frame parms, allocate the PHY_VARS_UE structure and put them in
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    ue = (PHY_VARS_UE *)malloc(sizeof(PHY_VARS_UE));
    memset(ue,0,sizeof(PHY_VARS_UE));
    memcpy(&(ue->frame_parms), frame_parms, sizeof(LTE_DL_FRAME_PARMS));
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  }
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  else ue = PHY_vars_UE_g[UE_id][0];

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  ue->Mod_id      = UE_id;
  ue->mac_enabled = 1;
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  // Panos: In phy_stub_UE (MAC-to-MAC) mode these init functions don't need to get called. Is this correct?
  if (nfapi_mode!=3)
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    {
      // initialize all signal buffers
      init_lte_ue_signal(ue,1,abstraction_flag);
      // intialize transport
      init_lte_ue_transport(ue,abstraction_flag);
    }
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  return(ue);
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}

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char uecap_xer[1024];

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void init_thread(int sched_runtime, int sched_deadline, int sched_fifo, cpu_set_t *cpuset, char * name) {
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#ifdef DEADLINE_SCHEDULER
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  if (sched_runtime!=0) {
    struct sched_attr attr= {0};
    attr.size = sizeof(attr);
    attr.sched_policy = SCHED_DEADLINE;
    attr.sched_runtime  = sched_runtime;
    attr.sched_deadline = sched_deadline;
    attr.sched_period   = 0;
    AssertFatal(sched_setattr(0, &attr, 0) == 0,
		"[SCHED] %s thread: sched_setattr failed %s \n", name, strerror(errno));
    LOG_I(HW,"[SCHED][eNB] %s deadline thread %lu started on CPU %d\n",
	  name, (unsigned long)gettid(), sched_getcpu());
  }
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#else
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  if (CPU_COUNT(cpuset) > 0)
    AssertFatal( 0 == pthread_setaffinity_np(pthread_self(), sizeof(cpu_set_t), cpuset), "");
  struct sched_param sp;
  sp.sched_priority = sched_fifo;
  AssertFatal(pthread_setschedparam(pthread_self(),SCHED_FIFO,&sp)==0,
	      "Can't set thread priority, Are you root?\n");
  /* Check the actual affinity mask assigned to the thread */
  cpu_set_t *cset=CPU_ALLOC(CPU_SETSIZE);
  if (0 == pthread_getaffinity_np(pthread_self(), CPU_ALLOC_SIZE(CPU_SETSIZE), cset)) {
    char txt[512]={0};
    for (int j = 0; j < CPU_SETSIZE; j++)
      if (CPU_ISSET(j, cset))
	sprintf(txt+strlen(txt), " %d ", j);
    printf("CPU Affinity of thread %s is %s\n", name, txt);
  }
  CPU_FREE(cset);
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#endif

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}
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void init_UE(int nb_inst,int eMBMS_active, int uecap_xer_in, int timing_correction) {
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  PHY_VARS_UE *UE;
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  int         inst;
  int         ret;
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  LOG_I(PHY,"UE : Calling Layer 2 for initialization\n");
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  l2_init_ue(eMBMS_active,(uecap_xer_in==1)?uecap_xer:NULL,
	     0,// cba_group_active
	     0); // HO flag
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  for (inst=0;inst<nb_inst;inst++) {
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    LOG_I(PHY,"Initializing memory for UE instance %d (%p)\n",inst,PHY_vars_UE_g[inst]);
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    PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0] = init_ue_vars(NULL,inst,0);
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    // turn off timing control loop in UE
    PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0]->no_timing_correction = timing_correction;
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    LOG_I(PHY,"Intializing UE Threads for instance %d (%p,%p)...\n",inst,PHY_vars_UE_g[inst],PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0]);
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    init_UE_threads(inst);
    UE = PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0];
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    if (oaisim_flag == 0) {
      ret = openair0_device_load(&(UE->rfdevice), &openair0_cfg[0]);
      if (ret !=0){
	exit_fun("Error loading device library");
      }
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    }
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    UE->rfdevice.host_type = RAU_HOST;
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    //    UE->rfdevice.type      = NONE_DEV;
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    PHY_VARS_UE *UE = PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0];
    AssertFatal(0 == pthread_create(&UE->proc.pthread_ue,
                                    &UE->proc.attr_ue,
                                    UE_thread,
                                    (void*)UE), "");
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  }

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  printf("UE threads created by %ld\n", gettid());
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#if 0
#if defined(ENABLE_USE_MME)
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  extern volatile int start_UE;
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  while (start_UE == 0) {
    sleep(1);
  }
#endif
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#endif
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}

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// Panos: Initiating all UEs within a single set of threads for PHY_STUB. Future extensions -> multiple
// set of threads for multiple UEs.
void init_UE_stub_single_thread(int nb_inst,int eMBMS_active, int uecap_xer_in, char *emul_iface) {

  int         inst;

  LOG_I(PHY,"UE : Calling Layer 2 for initialization, nb_inst: %d \n", nb_inst);

  l2_init_ue(eMBMS_active,(uecap_xer_in==1)?uecap_xer:NULL,
	     0,// cba_group_active
	     0); // HO flag

  for (inst=0;inst<nb_inst;inst++) {

    LOG_I(PHY,"Initializing memory for UE instance %d (%p)\n",inst,PHY_vars_UE_g[inst]);
    PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0] = init_ue_vars(NULL,inst,0);
  }
  init_timer_thread();
  init_UE_single_thread_stub(nb_inst);


  printf("UE threads created \n");

  LOG_I(PHY,"Starting multicast link on %s\n",emul_iface);
  if(nfapi_mode!=3)
  multicast_link_start(ue_stub_rx_handler,0,emul_iface);


}




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void init_UE_stub(int nb_inst,int eMBMS_active, int uecap_xer_in, char *emul_iface) {
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  int         inst;

  LOG_I(PHY,"UE : Calling Layer 2 for initialization\n");

  l2_init_ue(eMBMS_active,(uecap_xer_in==1)?uecap_xer:NULL,
	     0,// cba_group_active
	     0); // HO flag

  for (inst=0;inst<nb_inst;inst++) {

    LOG_I(PHY,"Initializing memory for UE instance %d (%p)\n",inst,PHY_vars_UE_g[inst]);
    PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0] = init_ue_vars(NULL,inst,0);
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  }
  init_timer_thread();

  for (inst=0;inst<nb_inst;inst++) {
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    LOG_I(PHY,"Intializing UE Threads for instance %d (%p,%p)...\n",inst,PHY_vars_UE_g[inst],PHY_vars_UE_g[inst][0]);
    init_UE_threads_stub(inst);
  }

  printf("UE threads created \n");
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  LOG_I(PHY,"Starting multicast link on %s\n",emul_iface);
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  if(nfapi_mode !=3)
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     multicast_link_start(ue_stub_rx_handler,0,emul_iface);
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}




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/*!
 * \brief This is the UE synchronize thread.
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 * It performs band scanning and synchonization.
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 * \param arg is a pointer to a \ref PHY_VARS_UE structure.
 * \returns a pointer to an int. The storage is not on the heap and must not be freed.
 */
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static void *UE_thread_synch(void *arg)
{
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  static int UE_thread_synch_retval;
  int i, hw_slot_offset;
  PHY_VARS_UE *UE = (PHY_VARS_UE*) arg;
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  int current_band = 0;
  int current_offset = 0;
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  sync_mode_t sync_mode = pbch;
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  int CC_id = UE->CC_id;
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  int ind;
  int found;
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  int freq_offset=0;
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  char threadname[128];
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  UE->is_synchronized = 0;
  printf("UE_thread_sync in with PHY_vars_UE %p\n",arg);
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  cpu_set_t cpuset;
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  CPU_ZERO(&cpuset);
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  if ( threads.iq != -1 )
    CPU_SET(threads.iq, &cpuset);
  // this thread priority must be lower that the main acquisition thread
  sprintf(threadname, "sync UE %d\n", UE->Mod_id);
  init_thread(100000, 500000, FIFO_PRIORITY-1, &cpuset, threadname);
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  printf("starting UE synch thread (IC %d)\n",UE->proc.instance_cnt_synch);
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  ind = 0;
  found = 0;
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  if (UE->UE_scan == 0) {
    do  {
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      current_band = eutra_bands[ind].band;
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      printf( "Scanning band %d, dl_min %"PRIu32", ul_min %"PRIu32"\n", current_band, eutra_bands[ind].dl_min,eutra_bands[ind].ul_min);
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      if ((eutra_bands[ind].dl_min <= UE->frame_parms.dl_CarrierFreq) && (eutra_bands[ind].dl_max >= UE->frame_parms.dl_CarrierFreq)) {
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	for (i=0; i<4; i++)
	  uplink_frequency_offset[CC_id][i] = eutra_bands[ind].ul_min - eutra_bands[ind].dl_min;
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        found = 1;
        break;
      }
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      ind++;
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    } while (ind < sizeof(eutra_bands) / sizeof(eutra_bands[0]));
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    if (found == 0) {
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      LOG_E(PHY,"Can't find EUTRA band for frequency %d",UE->frame_parms.dl_CarrierFreq);
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      exit_fun("Can't find EUTRA band for frequency");
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      return &UE_thread_synch_retval;
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    }
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    LOG_I( PHY, "[SCHED][UE] Check absolute frequency DL %"PRIu32", UL %"PRIu32" (oai_exit %d, rx_num_channels %d)\n", UE->frame_parms.dl_CarrierFreq, UE->frame_parms.ul_CarrierFreq,oai_exit, openair0_cfg[0].rx_num_channels);
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    for (i=0;i<openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_num_channels;i++) {
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      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = UE->frame_parms.dl_CarrierFreq;
      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = UE->frame_parms.ul_CarrierFreq;
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      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].autocal[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = 1;
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      if (uplink_frequency_offset[CC_id][i] != 0) //
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	openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].duplex_mode = duplex_mode_FDD;
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      else //FDD
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	openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].duplex_mode = duplex_mode_TDD;
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    }

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    sync_mode = pbch;
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  } else if  (UE->UE_scan == 1) {
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    current_band=0;
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    for (i=0; i<openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_num_channels; i++) {
      downlink_frequency[UE->rf_map.card][UE->rf_map.chain+i] = bands_to_scan.band_info[CC_id].dl_min;
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      uplink_frequency_offset[UE->rf_map.card][UE->rf_map.chain+i] =
	bands_to_scan.band_info[CC_id].ul_min-bands_to_scan.band_info[CC_id].dl_min;
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      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = downlink_frequency[CC_id][i];
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      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] =
	downlink_frequency[CC_id][i]+uplink_frequency_offset[CC_id][i];
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      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_gain[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = UE->rx_total_gain_dB;
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    }
  }
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  while (sync_var<0)
    pthread_cond_wait(&sync_cond, &sync_mutex);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sync_mutex);
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  printf("Started device, unlocked sync_mutex (UE_sync_thread)\n");
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  if (UE->rfdevice.trx_start_func(&UE->rfdevice) != 0 ) {
    LOG_E(HW,"Could not start the device\n");
    oai_exit=1;
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  }

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  while (oai_exit==0) {
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    AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_lock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");
    while (UE->proc.instance_cnt_synch < 0)
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      // the thread waits here most of the time
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      pthread_cond_wait( &UE->proc.cond_synch, &UE->proc.mutex_synch );
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    AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_unlock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");
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    switch (sync_mode) {
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    case pss:
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      LOG_I(PHY,"[SCHED][UE] Scanning band %d (%d), freq %u\n",bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].band, current_band,bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].dl_min+current_offset);
      lte_sync_timefreq(UE,current_band,bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].dl_min+current_offset);
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      current_offset += 20000000; // increase by 20 MHz
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      if (current_offset > bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].dl_max-bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].dl_min) {
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	current_band++;
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	current_offset=0;
      }

      if (current_band==bands_to_scan.nbands) {
	current_band=0;
	oai_exit=1;
      }

      for (i=0; i<openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_num_channels; i++) {
	downlink_frequency[UE->rf_map.card][UE->rf_map.chain+i] = bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].dl_min+current_offset;
	uplink_frequency_offset[UE->rf_map.card][UE->rf_map.chain+i] = bands_to_scan.band_info[current_band].ul_min-bands_to_scan.band_info[0].dl_min + current_offset;

	openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = downlink_frequency[CC_id][i];
	openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = downlink_frequency[CC_id][i]+uplink_frequency_offset[CC_id][i];
	openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_gain[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = UE->rx_total_gain_dB;
	if (UE->UE_scan_carrier) {
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].autocal[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = 1;
	}
      }
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      break;
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    case pbch:
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#if DISABLE_LOG_X
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      printf("[UE thread Synch] Running Initial Synch (mode %d)\n",UE->mode);
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#else
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      LOG_I(PHY, "[UE thread Synch] Running Initial Synch (mode %d)\n",UE->mode);
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#endif
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      if (initial_sync( UE, UE->mode ) == 0) {

	hw_slot_offset = (UE->rx_offset<<1) / UE->frame_parms.samples_per_tti;
	LOG_I( HW, "Got synch: hw_slot_offset %d, carrier off %d Hz, rxgain %d (DL %u, UL %u), UE_scan_carrier %d\n",
	       hw_slot_offset,
	       freq_offset,
	       UE->rx_total_gain_dB,
	       downlink_frequency[0][0]+freq_offset,
	       downlink_frequency[0][0]+uplink_frequency_offset[0][0]+freq_offset,
	       UE->UE_scan_carrier );


	// rerun with new cell parameters and frequency-offset
	for (i=0; i<openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_num_channels; i++) {
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_gain[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = UE->rx_total_gain_dB;//-USRP_GAIN_OFFSET;
	  if (UE->UE_scan_carrier == 1) {
	    if (freq_offset >= 0)
	      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] += abs(UE->common_vars.freq_offset);
	    else
	      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] -= abs(UE->common_vars.freq_offset);
	    openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] =
	      openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i]+uplink_frequency_offset[CC_id][i];
	    downlink_frequency[CC_id][i] = openair0_cfg[CC_id].rx_freq[i];
	    freq_offset=0;
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	  }
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	}

	// reconfigure for potentially different bandwidth
	switch(UE->frame_parms.N_RB_DL) {
	case 6:
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].sample_rate =1.92e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_bw          =.96e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_bw          =.96e6;
	  //            openair0_cfg[0].rx_gain[0] -= 12;
	  break;
	case 25:
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].sample_rate =7.68e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_bw          =2.5e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_bw          =2.5e6;
	  //            openair0_cfg[0].rx_gain[0] -= 6;
	  break;
	case 50:
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].sample_rate =15.36e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_bw          =5.0e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_bw          =5.0e6;
	  //            openair0_cfg[0].rx_gain[0] -= 3;
	  break;
	case 100:
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].sample_rate=30.72e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_bw=10.0e6;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_bw=10.0e6;
	  //            openair0_cfg[0].rx_gain[0] -= 0;
	  break;
	}

	UE->rfdevice.trx_set_freq_func(&UE->rfdevice,&openair0_cfg[0],0);
	//UE->rfdevice.trx_set_gains_func(&openair0,&openair0_cfg[0]);
	//UE->rfdevice.trx_stop_func(&UE->rfdevice);
	sleep(1);
	init_frame_parms(&UE->frame_parms,1);
	/*if (UE->rfdevice.trx_start_func(&UE->rfdevice) != 0 ) {
	  LOG_E(HW,"Could not start the device\n");
	  oai_exit=1;
	  }*/

	if (UE->UE_scan_carrier == 1) {

	  UE->UE_scan_carrier = 0;
	} else {
	  AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_lock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");
	  UE->is_synchronized = 1;
	  AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_unlock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");

	  if( UE->mode == rx_dump_frame ) {
	    FILE *fd;
	    if ((UE->proc.proc_rxtx[0].frame_rx&1) == 0) {  // this guarantees SIB1 is present
	      if ((fd = fopen("rxsig_frame0.dat","w")) != NULL) {
		fwrite((void*)&UE->common_vars.rxdata[0][0],
		       sizeof(int32_t),
		       10*UE->frame_parms.samples_per_tti,
		       fd);
		LOG_I(PHY,"Dummping Frame ... bye bye \n");
		fclose(fd);
		exit(0);
	      } else {
		LOG_E(PHY,"Cannot open file for writing\n");
		exit(0);
	      }
	    } else {
	      AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_lock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");
	      UE->is_synchronized = 0;
	      AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_unlock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");
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	    }
	  }
	}
      } else {
	// initial sync failed
	// calculate new offset and try again
	if (UE->UE_scan_carrier == 1) {
	  if (freq_offset >= 0)
	    freq_offset += 100;
	  freq_offset *= -1;

	  if (abs(freq_offset) > 7500) {
	    LOG_I( PHY, "[initial_sync] No cell synchronization found, abandoning\n" );
	    FILE *fd;
	    if ((fd = fopen("rxsig_frame0.dat","w"))!=NULL) {
	      fwrite((void*)&UE->common_vars.rxdata[0][0],
		     sizeof(int32_t),
		     10*UE->frame_parms.samples_per_tti,
		     fd);
	      LOG_I(PHY,"Dummping Frame ... bye bye \n");
	      fclose(fd);
	      exit(0);
	    }
	    AssertFatal(1==0,"No cell synchronization found, abandoning");
	    return &UE_thread_synch_retval; // not reached
	  }
	}
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#if DISABLE_LOG_X
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	printf("[initial_sync] trying carrier off %d Hz, rxgain %d (DL %u, UL %u)\n",
	       freq_offset,
	       UE->rx_total_gain_dB,
	       downlink_frequency[0][0]+freq_offset,
	       downlink_frequency[0][0]+uplink_frequency_offset[0][0]+freq_offset );
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#else
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	LOG_I(PHY, "[initial_sync] trying carrier off %d Hz, rxgain %d (DL %u, UL %u)\n",
	      freq_offset,
	      UE->rx_total_gain_dB,
	      downlink_frequency[0][0]+freq_offset,
	      downlink_frequency[0][0]+uplink_frequency_offset[0][0]+freq_offset );
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#endif
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	for (i=0; i<openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_num_channels; i++) {
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = downlink_frequency[CC_id][i]+freq_offset;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].tx_freq[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = downlink_frequency[CC_id][i]+uplink_frequency_offset[CC_id][i]+freq_offset;
	  openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].rx_gain[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = UE->rx_total_gain_dB;//-USRP_GAIN_OFFSET;
	  if (UE->UE_scan_carrier==1)
	    openair0_cfg[UE->rf_map.card].autocal[UE->rf_map.chain+i] = 1;
	}
	UE->rfdevice.trx_set_freq_func(&UE->rfdevice,&openair0_cfg[0],0);
      }// initial_sync=0
      break;
    case si:
    default:
      break;
    }

    AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_lock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");
    // indicate readiness
    UE->proc.instance_cnt_synch--;
    AssertFatal ( 0== pthread_mutex_unlock(&UE->proc.mutex_synch), "");

    VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_DUMP_FUNCTION_BY_NAME( VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_THREAD_SYNCH, 0 );
  }  // while !oai_exit

  return &UE_thread_synch_retval;
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}

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/*!
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 * \brief This is the UE thread for RX subframe n and TX subframe n+4.
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 * This thread performs the phy_procedures_UE_RX() on every received slot.
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 * then, if TX is enabled it performs TX for n+4.
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 * \param arg is a pointer to a \ref PHY_VARS_UE structure.
 * \returns a pointer to an int. The storage is not on the heap and must not be freed.
 */
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static void *UE_thread_rxn_txnp4(void *arg) {
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  static __thread int UE_thread_rxtx_retval;
  struct rx_tx_thread_data *rtd = arg;
  UE_rxtx_proc_t *proc = rtd->proc;
  PHY_VARS_UE    *UE   = rtd->UE;
  int ret;

  proc->instance_cnt_rxtx=-1;
  proc->subframe_rx=proc->sub_frame_start;

  char threadname[256];
  sprintf(threadname,"UE_%d_proc_%d", UE->Mod_id, proc->sub_frame_start);
  cpu_set_t cpuset;
  CPU_ZERO(&cpuset);
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  if ( (proc->sub_frame_start+1)%RX_NB_TH == 0 && threads.one != -1 )
    CPU_SET(threads.one, &cpuset);
  if ( (proc->sub_frame_start+1)%RX_NB_TH == 1 && threads.two != -1 )
    CPU_SET(threads.two, &cpuset);
  if ( (proc->sub_frame_start+1)%RX_NB_TH == 2 && threads.three != -1 )
    CPU_SET(threads.three, &cpuset);
  //CPU_SET(threads.three, &cpuset);
  init_thread(900000,1000000 , FIFO_PRIORITY-1, &cpuset,
	      threadname);

  while (!oai_exit) {
    if (pthread_mutex_lock(&proc->mutex_rxtx) != 0) {
      LOG_E( PHY, "[SCHED][UE] error locking mutex for UE RXTX\n" );
      exit_fun("nothing to add");
    }
    while (proc->instance_cnt_rxtx < 0) {
      // most of the time, the thread is waiting here
      pthread_cond_wait( &proc->cond_rxtx, &proc->mutex_rxtx );
    }
    if (pthread_mutex_unlock(&proc->mutex_rxtx) != 0) {
      LOG_E( PHY, "[SCHED][UE] error unlocking mutex for UE RXn_TXnp4\n" );
      exit_fun("nothing to add");
    }

    initRefTimes(t2);
    initRefTimes(t3);
    pickTime(current);
    updateTimes(proc->gotIQs, &t2, 10000, "Delay to wake up UE_Thread_Rx (case 2)");

    // Process Rx data for one sub-frame
    lte_subframe_t sf_type = subframe_select( &UE->frame_parms, proc->subframe_rx);
    if ((sf_type == SF_DL) ||
	(UE->frame_parms.frame_type == FDD) ||
	(sf_type == SF_S)) {

      if (UE->frame_parms.frame_type == TDD) {
	LOG_D(PHY, "%s,TDD%d,%s: calling UE_RX\n",
	      threadname,
	      UE->frame_parms.tdd_config,
	      (sf_type==SF_DL? "SF_DL" :
	       (sf_type==SF_UL? "SF_UL" :
		(sf_type==SF_S ? "SF_S"  : "UNKNOWN_SF_TYPE"))));
      } else {
	LOG_D(PHY, "%s,%s,%s: calling UE_RX\n",
	      threadname,
	      (UE->frame_parms.frame_type==FDD? "FDD":
	       (UE->frame_parms.frame_type==TDD? "TDD":"UNKNOWN_DUPLEX_MODE")),
	      (sf_type==SF_DL? "SF_DL" :
	       (sf_type==SF_UL? "SF_UL" :
		(sf_type==SF_S ? "SF_S"  : "UNKNOWN_SF_TYPE"))));
      }
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#ifdef UE_SLOT_PARALLELISATION
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      phy_procedures_slot_parallelization_UE_RX( UE, proc, 0, 0, 1, UE->mode, no_relay, NULL );
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#else
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      phy_procedures_UE_RX( UE, proc, 0, 0, 1, UE->mode, no_relay, NULL );
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#endif
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    }
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#if UE_TIMING_TRACE
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    start_meas(&UE->generic_stat);
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#endif
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    if (UE->mac_enabled==1) {

      ret = ue_scheduler(UE->Mod_id,
			 proc->frame_rx,
			 proc->subframe_rx,
			 proc->frame_tx,
			 proc->subframe_tx,
			 subframe_select(&UE->frame_parms,proc->subframe_tx),
			 0,
			 0/*FIXME CC_id*/);
      if ( ret != CONNECTION_OK) {
	char *txt;
	switch (ret) {
	case CONNECTION_LOST:
	  txt="RRC Connection lost, returning to PRACH";
	  break;
	case PHY_RESYNCH:
	  txt="RRC Connection lost, trying to resynch";
	  break;
	case RESYNCH:
	  txt="return to PRACH and perform a contention-free access";
	  break;
	default:
	  txt="UNKNOWN RETURN CODE";
	};
	LOG_E( PHY, "[UE %"PRIu8"] Frame %"PRIu32", subframe %u %s\n",
	       UE->Mod_id, proc->frame_rx, proc->subframe_tx,txt );
      }
    }
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#if UE_TIMING_TRACE
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    stop_meas(&UE->generic_stat);
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#endif


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    // Prepare the future Tx data
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    if ((subframe_select( &UE->frame_parms, proc->subframe_tx) == SF_UL) ||
	(UE->frame_parms.frame_type == FDD) )
      if (UE->mode != loop_through_memory)
	phy_procedures_UE_TX(UE,proc,0,0,UE->mode,no_relay);
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    if ((subframe_select( &UE->frame_parms, proc->subframe_tx) == SF_S) &&
	(UE->frame_parms.frame_type == TDD))
      if (UE->mode != loop_through_memory)
	phy_procedures_UE_S_TX(UE,0,0,no_relay);
    updateTimes(current, &t3, 10000, "Delay to process sub-frame (case 3)");
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    if (pthread_mutex_lock(&proc->mutex_rxtx) != 0) {
      LOG_E( PHY, "[SCHED][UE] error locking mutex for UE RXTX\n" );
      exit_fun("noting to add");
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    }
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    proc->instance_cnt_rxtx--;
    if (pthread_mutex_unlock(&proc->mutex_rxtx) != 0) {
      LOG_E( PHY, "[SCHED][UE] error unlocking mutex for UE RXTX\n" );
      exit_fun("noting to add");
    }
  }
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  // thread finished
  free(arg);
  return &UE_thread_rxtx_retval;
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}



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unsigned int emulator_absSF;
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void ue_stub_rx_handler(unsigned int num_bytes, char *rx_buffer) {

  PHY_VARS_UE *UE;
  UE = PHY_vars_UE_g[0][0];

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  UE_tport_t *pdu = (UE_tport_t*)rx_buffer;
  SLSCH_t *slsch = (SLSCH_t*)&pdu->slsch;
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  SLDCH_t *sldch = (SLDCH_t*)&pdu->sldch;
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  switch (((UE_tport_header_t*)rx_buffer)->packet_type) {
  case TTI_SYNC:
    emulator_absSF = ((UE_tport_header_t*)rx_buffer)->absSF;
    wakeup_thread(&UE->timer_mutex,&UE->timer_cond,&UE->instance_cnt_timer,"timer_thread");
    break;
  case SLSCH:
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    LOG_I(PHY,"Emulator SFN.SF %d.%d, Got SLSCH packet\n",emulator_absSF/10,emulator_absSF%10);
    LOG_I(PHY,"Received %d bytes on UE-UE link for SFN.SF %d.%d, sending SLSCH payload (%d bytes) to MAC\n",num_bytes,
	  pdu->header.absSF/10,pdu->header.absSF%10,
	  slsch->payload_length);
    printf("SLSCH:");
    for (int i=0;i<sizeof(SLSCH_t);i++) printf("%x ",((uint8_t*)slsch)[i]);
    printf("\n");
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    ue_send_sl_sdu(0,
		   0,
		   pdu->header.absSF/10,
		   pdu->header.absSF%10,
		   pdu->payload,
		   slsch->payload_length,
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		   0,
		   SL_DISCOVERY_FLAG_NO);
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    break;
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  case SLDCH:


    LOG_I(PHY,"Emulator SFN.SF %d.%d, Got SLDCH packet\n",emulator_absSF/10,emulator_absSF%10);
    LOG_I(PHY,"Received %d bytes on UE-UE link for SFN.SF %d.%d, sending SLDCH payload (%d bytes) to MAC\n",num_bytes,
          pdu->header.absSF/10,pdu->header.absSF%10,
          sldch->payload_length);
    printf("SLDCH:");
    for (int i=0;i<sizeof(SLDCH_t);i++) printf("%x ",((uint8_t*)sldch)[i]);
    printf("\n");

    ue_send_sl_sdu(0,
                   0,
                   pdu->header.absSF/10,
                   pdu->header.absSF%10,
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                   sldch->payload,
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                   sldch->payload_length,
                   0,
                   SL_DISCOVERY_FLAG_YES);
    break;

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  }
}
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/*!
 * \brief This is the UE thread for RX subframe n and TX subframe n+4.
 * This thread performs the phy_procedures_UE_RX() on every received slot.
 * then, if TX is enabled it performs TX for n+4.
 * \param arg is a pointer to a \ref PHY_VARS_UE structure.
 * \returns a pointer to an int. The storage is not on the heap and must not be freed.
 */

static void *UE_phy_stub_single_thread_rxn_txnp4(void *arg) {

	thread_top_init("UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4",1,870000L,1000000L,1000000L);

	module_id_t Mod_id = 0;
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	//int init_ra_UE = -1; // This counter is used to initiate the RA of each UE in different SFrames
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  static __thread int UE_thread_rxtx_retval;
  struct rx_tx_thread_data *rtd = arg;
  UE_rxtx_proc_t *proc = rtd->proc;

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  // Initializations for nfapi-L2-emulator mode
  dl_config_req = NULL;
  ul_config_req = NULL;
  hi_dci0_req	= NULL;
  tx_request_pdu_list = NULL;

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  PHY_VARS_UE    *UE;   //= rtd->UE;
  int ret;
  //  double t_diff;

  char threadname[256];
  //sprintf(threadname,"UE_%d_proc", UE->Mod_id);

  // Panos: Call (Sched_Rsp_t) get_nfapi_sched_response(UE->Mod_ID) to get all
  //sched_response config messages which concern the specific UE. Inside this
  //function we should somehow make the translation of rnti to Mod_ID.

  //proc->instance_cnt_rxtx=-1;

  phy_stub_ticking->ticking_var = -1;
  proc->subframe_rx=proc->sub_frame_start;


  //PANOS: CAREFUL HERE!
  wait_sync("UE_phy_stub_single_thread_rxn_txnp4");

  while (!oai_exit) {

    if (pthread_mutex_lock(&phy_stub_ticking->mutex_ticking) != 0) {
      LOG_E( MAC, "[SCHED][UE] error locking mutex for UE RXTX\n" );
      exit_fun("nothing to add");
    }
    while (phy_stub_ticking->ticking_var < 0) {
      // most of the time, the thread is waiting here
      //pthread_cond_wait( &proc->cond_rxtx, &proc->mutex_rxtx )
      LOG_D(MAC,"Waiting for ticking_var\n");
      pthread_cond_wait( &phy_stub_ticking->cond_ticking, &phy_stub_ticking->mutex_ticking);
    }
    phy_stub_ticking->ticking_var--;
    if (pthread_mutex_unlock(&phy_stub_ticking->mutex_ticking) != 0) {
      LOG_E( MAC, "[SCHED][UE] error unlocking mutex for UE RXn_TXnp4\n" );
      exit_fun("nothing to add");
    }
    LOG_D(MAC," Panos-D [UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4 1] Frame: %d, Subframe: %d \n" "\n" "\n", timer_frame, timer_subframe);


    proc->subframe_rx=timer_subframe;
    proc->frame_rx = timer_frame;
    proc->subframe_tx=(timer_subframe+4)%10;
    proc->frame_tx = proc->frame_rx + (proc->subframe_rx>5?1:0);
    //oai_subframe_ind(proc->frame_rx, proc->subframe_rx);


    oai_subframe_ind(timer_frame, timer_subframe);

    // Panos: Guessing that the next 4 lines are not needed for the phy_stub mode.
    /*initRefTimes(t2);
      initRefTimes(t3);
      pickTime(current);
      updateTimes(proc->gotIQs, &t2, 10000, "Delay to wake up UE_Thread_Rx (case 2)");*/


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    	//Panos: Not sure whether we should put the memory allocation here and not sure how much memory
        //we should allocate for each subframe cycle.
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    	UL_INFO = (UL_IND_t*)malloc(sizeof(UL_IND_t));

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    	UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.rx_pdu_list = (nfapi_rx_indication_pdu_t*)malloc(NB_UE_INST*sizeof(nfapi_rx_indication_pdu_t));
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    	UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.number_of_pdus = 0;
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    	//UL_INFO->rx_ind.header.message_id = 3225;
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    	UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.crc_pdu_list = (nfapi_crc_indication_pdu_t*)malloc(NB_UE_INST*sizeof(nfapi_crc_indication_pdu_t));
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    	UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.number_of_crcs = 0;
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    	//UL_INFO->crc_ind.header.message_id = 3225;
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    	UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.harq_pdu_list = (nfapi_harq_indication_pdu_t*)malloc(NB_UE_INST*sizeof(nfapi_harq_indication_pdu_t));
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    	UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.number_of_harqs = 0;
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    	//UL_INFO->harq_ind.header.message_id = 3225;
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    	UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.sr_pdu_list = (nfapi_sr_indication_pdu_t*)malloc(NB_UE_INST*sizeof(nfapi_sr_indication_pdu_t));
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    	UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.number_of_srs = 0;
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    	//UL_INFO->sr_ind.header.message_id = 3225;
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    for (Mod_id=0; Mod_id<NB_UE_INST; Mod_id++) {
    	//LOG_I(MAC, "Panos-D: UE_phy_stub_single_thread_rxn_txnp4, NB_UE_INST:%d, Mod_id:%d \n", NB_UE_INST, Mod_id);
    	UE = PHY_vars_UE_g[Mod_id][0];
    lte_subframe_t sf_type = subframe_select( &UE->frame_parms, proc->subframe_rx);
    if ((sf_type == SF_DL) ||
	(UE->frame_parms.frame_type == FDD) ||
	(sf_type == SF_S)) {

      if (UE->frame_parms.frame_type == TDD) {
	LOG_D(PHY, "%s,TDD%d,%s: calling UE_RX\n",
	      threadname,
	      UE->frame_parms.tdd_config,
	      (sf_type==SF_DL? "SF_DL" :
	       (sf_type==SF_UL? "SF_UL" :
		(sf_type==SF_S ? "SF_S"  : "UNKNOWN_SF_TYPE"))));
      } else {
	LOG_D(PHY, "%s,%s,%s: calling UE_RX\n",
	      threadname,
	      (UE->frame_parms.frame_type==FDD? "FDD":
	       (UE->frame_parms.frame_type==TDD? "TDD":"UNKNOWN_DUPLEX_MODE")),
	      (sf_type==SF_DL? "SF_DL" :
	       (sf_type==SF_UL? "SF_UL" :
		(sf_type==SF_S ? "SF_S"  : "UNKNOWN_SF_TYPE"))));
      }


      phy_procedures_UE_SL_RX(UE,proc);

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      if (dl_config_req!=NULL && tx_request_pdu_list!=NULL){
    	  //if(dl_config_req!= NULL) {
    	  dl_config_req_UE_MAC(dl_config_req, Mod_id);
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      }
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      if (hi_dci0_req!=NULL && hi_dci0_req->hi_dci0_request_body.hi_dci0_pdu_list!=NULL){
    	  hi_dci0_req_UE_MAC(hi_dci0_req, Mod_id);
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      }

      if(nfapi_mode!=3)
      phy_procedures_UE_SL_TX(UE,proc);

    }

#if UE_TIMING_TRACE
    start_meas(&UE->generic_stat);
#endif

    if (UE->mac_enabled==1) {

      ret = ue_scheduler(UE->Mod_id,
			 proc->frame_rx,
			 proc->subframe_rx,
			 proc->frame_tx,
			 proc->subframe_tx,
			 subframe_select(&UE->frame_parms,proc->subframe_tx),
			 0,
			 0/*FIXME CC_id*/);
      if ( ret != CONNECTION_OK) {
	char *txt;
	switch (ret) {
	case CONNECTION_LOST:
	  txt="RRC Connection lost, returning to PRACH";
	  break;
	case PHY_RESYNCH:
	  txt="RRC Connection lost, trying to resynch";
	  break;
	case RESYNCH:
	  txt="return to PRACH and perform a contention-free access";
	  break;
	default:
	  txt="UNKNOWN RETURN CODE";
	};
	LOG_E( PHY, "[UE %"PRIu8"] Frame %"PRIu32", subframe %u %s\n",
	       UE->Mod_id, proc->frame_rx, proc->subframe_tx,txt );
      }
    }
#if UE_TIMING_TRACE
    stop_meas(&UE->generic_stat);
#endif


    // Prepare the future Tx data

    if ((subframe_select( &UE->frame_parms, proc->subframe_tx) == SF_UL) ||
	(UE->frame_parms.frame_type == FDD) )
      if (UE->mode != loop_through_memory){

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    // We make the start of RA between consecutive UEs differ by 20 frames
	//if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].UE_mode[0] == PRACH  && Mod_id == 0) || (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].UE_mode[0] == PRACH && Mod_id>0 && proc->frame_rx >= UE_mac_inst[Mod_id-1].ra_frame + 20) ) {
	if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].UE_mode[0] == PRACH  && Mod_id == next_Mod_id && proc->frame_rx >= next_ra_frame) {
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	  // check if we have PRACH opportunity

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	  if (is_prach_subframe(&UE->frame_parms,proc->frame_tx, proc->subframe_tx) &&  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].SI_Decoded == 1) {
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	  // The one working strangely...
      //if (is_prach_subframe(&UE->frame_parms,proc->frame_tx, proc->subframe_tx && Mod_id == (module_id_t) init_ra_UE) ) {

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	    PRACH_RESOURCES_t *prach_resources = ue_get_rach(Mod_id, 0, proc->frame_tx, 0, proc->subframe_tx);
	    if(prach_resources!=NULL ) {
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	    	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].ra_frame = proc->frame_rx;
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	      LOG_D(MAC, "UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4 before RACH, Mod_id: %d \n", Mod_id );
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	      fill_rach_indication_UE_MAC(Mod_id, proc->frame_tx ,proc->subframe_tx, UL_INFO, prach_resources->ra_PreambleIndex, prach_resources->ra_RNTI);
	      Msg1_transmitted(Mod_id, 0, proc->frame_tx, 0);
	      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].UE_mode[0] = RA_RESPONSE;
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	      next_Mod_id = Mod_id + 1;
	      next_ra_frame = (proc->frame_rx + 20)%1000;
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	    }

	    //ue_prach_procedures(ue,proc,eNB_id,abstraction_flag,mode);
	  }
	} // mode is PRACH
	// Panos: Substitute call to phy_procedures Tx with call to phy_stub functions in order to trigger
	// UE Tx procedures directly at the MAC layer, based on the received ul_config requests from the vnf (eNB).
	// Generate UL_indications which correspond to UL traffic.
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	if(ul_config_req!=NULL){ //&& UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].ul_config_req->ul_config_request_body.ul_config_pdu_list != NULL){
		ul_config_req_UE_MAC(ul_config_req, timer_frame, timer_subframe, Mod_id);
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	}
      }

    phy_procedures_UE_SL_RX(UE,proc);


    } //for (Mod_id=0; Mod_id<NB_UE_INST; Mod_id++)

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    if (UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.number_of_crcs>0)
      {
    	  //LOG_D(PHY,"UL_info->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.number_of_crcs:%d CRC_IND:SFN/SF:%d\n", UL_info->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.number_of_crcs, NFAPI_SFNSF2DEC(UL_info->crc_ind.sfn_sf));
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.2, SFN/SF of PNF counter:%d.%d, number_of_crcs: %d \n", timer_frame, timer_subframe, UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.number_of_crcs);
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    	  oai_nfapi_crc_indication(&UL_INFO->crc_ind);
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.21 \n");
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    	  UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.number_of_crcs = 0;
      }
      if (UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.number_of_pdus>0)
      {
    	  //LOG_D(PHY,"UL_info->rx_ind.number_of_pdus:%d RX_IND:SFN/SF:%d\n", UL_info->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.number_of_pdus, NFAPI_SFNSF2DEC(UL_info->rx_ind.sfn_sf));
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.3, SFN/SF of PNF counter:%d.%d, number_of_pdus: %d \n", timer_frame, timer_subframe, UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.number_of_pdus);
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    	  oai_nfapi_rx_ind(&UL_INFO->rx_ind);
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.31 \n");
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    	  UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.number_of_pdus = 0;
      }
      if(UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.number_of_harqs>0)
      {
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    	  //LOG_D(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.4, SFN/SF of PNF counter:%d.%d, number_of_harqs: %d \n", timer_frame, timer_subframe, UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.number_of_harqs);
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    	  oai_nfapi_harq_indication(&UL_INFO->harq_ind);
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.41 \n");
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    	  UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.number_of_harqs =0;

      }
      if(UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.number_of_srs>0)
      {
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.5, SFN/SF of PNF counter:%d.%d, number_of_srs: %d \n", timer_frame, timer_subframe, UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.number_of_srs);
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    	  oai_nfapi_sr_indication(&UL_INFO->sr_ind);
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    	  //LOG_I(MAC, "ul_config_req_UE_MAC 2.51 \n");
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    	  UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.number_of_srs = 0;
      }

      // Free UL_INFO messages
      //if(UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.crc_pdu_list != NULL){
    	  free(UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.crc_pdu_list);
    	  UL_INFO->crc_ind.crc_indication_body.crc_pdu_list = NULL;
      //}
      //if(UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.rx_pdu_list != NULL){
    	  free(UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.rx_pdu_list);
    	  UL_INFO->rx_ind.rx_indication_body.rx_pdu_list = NULL;
      //}
      //if(UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.harq_pdu_list !=NULL){
    	  free(UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.harq_pdu_list);
    	  UL_INFO->harq_ind.harq_indication_body.harq_pdu_list = NULL;
      //}
      //if(UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.sr_pdu_list!=NULL){
    	  free(UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.sr_pdu_list);
    	  UL_INFO->sr_ind.sr_indication_body.sr_pdu_list = NULL;
      //}

      free(UL_INFO);
      UL_INFO = NULL;

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      // De-allocate memory of nfapi requests copies before next subframe round
      if(dl_config_req!=NULL){
    	  if(dl_config_req->vendor_extension)
    		  free(dl_config_req->vendor_extension);
    	  if(dl_config_req->dl_config_request_body.dl_config_pdu_list!=NULL){
    		  free(dl_config_req->dl_config_request_body.dl_config_pdu_list);
    		  dl_config_req->dl_config_request_body.dl_config_pdu_list = NULL;
    	  }
    	  free(dl_config_req);
    	  dl_config_req = NULL;
      }
      if(tx_request_pdu_list!=NULL){
    	  free(tx_request_pdu_list);
    	  tx_request_pdu_list = NULL;
      }
      if(ul_config_req!=NULL){
    	  if(ul_config_req->ul_config_request_body.ul_config_pdu_list != NULL){
    		  free(ul_config_req->ul_config_request_body.ul_config_pdu_list);
    		  ul_config_req->ul_config_request_body.ul_config_pdu_list = NULL;
    	  }
    	  free(ul_config_req);
    	  ul_config_req = NULL;
      }

      if(hi_dci0_req!=NULL){
    	  if(hi_dci0_req->hi_dci0_request_body.hi_dci0_pdu_list!=NULL){
    		  free(hi_dci0_req->hi_dci0_request_body.hi_dci0_pdu_list);
    		  hi_dci0_req->hi_dci0_request_body.hi_dci0_pdu_list = NULL;
    	  }
    	  free(hi_dci0_req);
    	  hi_dci0_req = NULL;
      }


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  }
  // thread finished
  free(arg);
  return &UE_thread_rxtx_retval;
}




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/*!
 * \brief This is the UE thread for RX subframe n and TX subframe n+4.
 * This thread performs the phy_procedures_UE_RX() on every received slot.
 * then, if TX is enabled it performs TX for n+4.
 * \param arg is a pointer to a \ref PHY_VARS_UE structure.
 * \returns a pointer to an int. The storage is not on the heap and must not be freed.
 */

static void *UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4(void *arg) {
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	thread_top_init("UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4",1,870000L,1000000L,1000000L);

	module_id_t Mod_id = 0;
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  static __thread int UE_thread_rxtx_retval;
  struct rx_tx_thread_data *rtd = arg;
  UE_rxtx_proc_t *proc = rtd->proc;
  PHY_VARS_UE    *UE   = rtd->UE;
  int ret;
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  //  double t_diff;
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  char threadname[256];
  sprintf(threadname,"UE_%d_proc", UE->Mod_id);
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  // Panos: Call (Sched_Rsp_t) get_nfapi_sched_response(UE->Mod_ID) to get all
  //sched_response config messages which concern the specific UE. Inside this
  //function we should somehow make the translation of rnti to Mod_ID.
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  //proc->instance_cnt_rxtx=-1;
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  phy_stub_ticking->ticking_var = -1;
  proc->subframe_rx=proc->sub_frame_start;
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  //PANOS: CAREFUL HERE!
  wait_sync("UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4");

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  while (!oai_exit) {
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    if (pthread_mutex_lock(&phy_stub_ticking->mutex_ticking) != 0) {
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      LOG_E( MAC, "[SCHED][UE] error locking mutex for UE RXTX\n" );
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      exit_fun("nothing to add");
    }
    while (phy_stub_ticking->ticking_var < 0) {
      // most of the time, the thread is waiting here
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      //pthread_cond_wait( &proc->cond_rxtx, &proc->mutex_rxtx )
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      LOG_D(MAC,"Waiting for ticking_var\n");
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      pthread_cond_wait( &phy_stub_ticking->cond_ticking, &phy_stub_ticking->mutex_ticking);
    }
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    phy_stub_ticking->ticking_var--;
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    if (pthread_mutex_unlock(&phy_stub_ticking->mutex_ticking) != 0) {
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      LOG_E( MAC, "[SCHED][UE] error unlocking mutex for UE RXn_TXnp4\n" );
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      exit_fun("nothing to add");
    }
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    LOG_D(MAC," Panos-D [UE_phy_stub_thread_rxn_txnp4 1] Frame: %d, Subframe: %d \n" "\n" "\n", timer_frame, timer_subframe);

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    proc->subframe_rx=timer_subframe;
    proc->frame_rx = timer_frame;
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    proc->subframe_tx=(timer_subframe+4)%10;
    proc->frame_tx = proc->frame_rx + (proc->subframe_rx>5?1:0);
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    // Process Rx data for one sub-frame
    lte_subframe_t sf_type = subframe_select( &UE->frame_parms, proc->subframe_rx);
    if ((sf_type == SF_DL) ||
	(UE->frame_parms.frame_type == FDD) ||
	(sf_type == SF_S)) {

      if (UE->frame_parms.frame_type == TDD) {
	LOG_D(PHY, "%s,TDD%d,%s: calling UE_RX\n",
	      threadname,
	      UE->frame_parms.tdd_config,
	      (sf_type==SF_DL? "SF_DL" :
	       (sf_type==SF_UL? "SF_UL" :
		(sf_type==SF_S ? "SF_S"  : "UNKNOWN_SF_TYPE"))));
      } else {
	LOG_D(PHY, "%s,%s,%s: calling UE_RX\n",
	      threadname,
	      (UE->frame_parms.frame_type==FDD? "FDD":
	       (UE->frame_parms.frame_type==TDD? "TDD":"UNKNOWN_DUPLEX_MODE")),
	      (sf_type==SF_DL? "SF_DL" :
	       (sf_type==SF_UL? "SF_UL" :
		(sf_type==SF_S ? "SF_S"  : "UNKNOWN_SF_TYPE"))));
      }

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      phy_procedures_UE_SL_RX(UE,proc);
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