FEATURE_SET.md 9.04 KB
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**Table of Contents**

1. [OpenAirInterface eNB Feature Set](#openairinterface-enb-feature-set)
   1. [eNB PHY Layer](#enb-phy-layer)
   2. [eNB MAC Layer](#enb-mac-layer)
   3. [eNB RLC Layer](#enb-rlc-layer)
   4. [eNB PDCP Layer](#enb-pdcp-layer)
   5. [eNB RRC Layer](#enb-rrc-layer)
   6. [eNB X2AP](#enb-x2ap)
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   7. [eNB Advanced Features](#enb-advanced-features)
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2. [OpenAirInterface Functional Split](#openairinterface-functional-split)
3. [OpenAirInterface UE Feature Set](#openairinterface-ue-feature-set)
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   1.  [LTE UE PHY Layer](#lte-ue-phy-layer)
   2.  [LTE UE MAC Layer](#lte-ue-mac-layer)
   3.  [LTE UE RLC Layer](#lte-ue-rlc-layer)
   4.  [LTE UE PDCP Layer](#lte-ue-pdcp-layer)
   5.  [LTE UE RRC Layer](#lte-ue-rrc-layer)
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# OpenAirInterface Block diagram #

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![Block Diagram](./images/oai_enb_block_diagram.png)
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# OpenAirInterface eNB Feature Set #

## eNB PHY Layer ##

The Physical layer implements **3GPP 36.211**, **36.212**, **36.213** and provides the following features:

- LTE release 8.6 compliant, and implements a subset of release 10
- FDD and TDD configurations: 1 (experimental) and 3
- Bandwidth: 5, 10, and 20 MHz
- Transmission modes: 1, 2 (stable), 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 (experimental)
- Max number of antennas: 2
- CQI/PMI reporting: aperiodic, feedback mode 3 - 0 and 3 - 1
- PRACH preamble format 0
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- Downlink (DL) channels are supported: PSS, SSS, PBCH, PCFICH, PHICH, PDCCH, PDSCH, PMCH, MPDCCH
- Uplink (UL) channels are supported: PRACH, PUSCH, PUCCH (format 1/1a/1b), SRS, DRS
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- HARQ support (UL and DL)
- Highly optimized base band processing (including turbo decoder)
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- Multi-RRU support: over the air synchro b/ multi RRU in TDD mode
- Support for CE-modeA for LTE-M. Limited support for repeatition, single-LTE-M connection, legacy-LTE UE attach is disabled.
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### Performances ###

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**Transmission Mode, Bandwidth** | **Expected Throughput** | **Measured Throughput** | **Measurement Conditions**
-------------------------------- | ----------------------- | ------------------------| ----------------:
FDD DL: 5 MHz, 25 PRBS/ MCS 28   | 16 - 17 Mbit/s          | TM1: 17.0 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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FDD DL: 10 MHz, 50 PRBS/ MCS 28  | 34 - 35 Mbit/s          | TM1: 34.0 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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FDD DL: 20 MHz, 100 PRBS/ MCS 28 | 70 Mbit/s               | TM1: 69.9 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
 |  |  | 
FDD UL: 5 MHz, 25 PRBS/ MCS 20   | 9 Mbit/s                | TM1: 8.28 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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FDD UL: 10 MHz, 50 PRBS/ MCS 20  | 17 Mbit/s               | TM1: 18.3 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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FDD UL: 20 MHz, 100 PRBS/ MCS 20 | 35 Mbit/s               | TM1: 18.6 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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 |  | 
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TDD DL: 5 MHz, 25 PRBS/ MCS **XX**   | 6.5 Mbit/s          | TM1: 6.71 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
TDD DL: 10 MHz, 50 PRBS/ MCS **XX**  | 13.5 Mbit/s         | TM1: 13.6 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
TDD DL: 20 MHz, 100 PRBS/ MCS **XX** | 28.0 Mbit/s         | TM1: 27.2 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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 |  | | 
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TDD UL: 5 MHz, 25 PRBS/ MCS **XX**   | 2.0 Mbit/s          | TM1: 3.31 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
TDD UL: 10 MHz, 50 PRBS/ MCS **XX**  | 2.0 Mbit/s          | TM1: 7.25 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
TDD UL: 20 MHz, 100 PRBS/ MCS **XX** | 3.0 Mbit/s          | TM1: 4.21 Mbits/s       | COTS-UE Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps)
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### Number of supported UEs ###

* 16 by default
* up to 256 when compiling with dedicated compile flag
* was tested with 40 COTS-UE
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## eNB MAC Layer ##

The MAC layer implements a subset of the **3GPP 36.321** release v8.6 in support of BCH, DLSCH, RACH, and ULSCH channels. 

- RRC interface for CCCH, DCCH, and DTCH
- Proportional fair scheduler (round robin scheduler soon)
- DCI generation
- HARQ Support
- RA procedures and RNTI management
- RLC interface (AM, UM)
- UL power control
- Link adaptation
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- Connected DRX (CDRX) support for FDD LTE UE. Compatible with R13 from 3GPP. Support for Cat-M1 UE comming soon.  
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## eNB RLC Layer ##

The RLC layer implements a full specification of the 3GPP 36.322 release v9.3.

- RLC TM (mainly used for BCCH and CCCH) 
  * Neither segment nor concatenate RLC SDUs
  * Do not include a RLC header in the RLC PDU
  * Delivery of received RLC PDUs to upper layers
- RLC UM (mainly used for DTCH) 
  * Segment or concatenate RLC SDUs according to the TB size selected by MAC
  * Include a RLC header in the RLC PDU
  * Duplication detection
  * PDU reordering and reassembly
- RLC AM, compatible with 9.3 
  * Segmentation, re-segmentation, concatenation, and reassembly
  * Padding
  * Data transfer to the user
  * RLC PDU retransmission in support of error control and correction
  * Generation of data/control PDUs

## eNB PDCP Layer ##

The current PDCP layer is header compliant with **3GPP 36.323** Rel 10.1.0 and implements the following functions:

- User and control data transfer
- Sequence number management
- RB association with PDCP entity
- PDCP entity association with one or two RLC entities
- Integrity check and encryption using the AES and Snow3G algorithms

## eNB RRC Layer ##

The RRC layer is based on **3GPP 36.331** v14.3.0 and implements the following functions:

- System Information broadcast (SIB 1, 2, 3, and 13)
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  * SIB1: Up to 6 PLMN IDs broadcast
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- RRC connection establishment
- RRC connection reconfiguration (addition and removal of radio bearers, connection release)
- RRC connection release
- RRC connection re-establishment
- Inter-frequency measurement collection and reporting (experimental)
- eMBMS for multicast and broadcast (experimental)
- Handover (experimental)
- Paging (soon)
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- RRC inactivity timer (release of UE after a period of data inactivity)
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## eNB X2AP ##

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The X2AP layer is based on **3GPP 36.423** v14.6.0 and implements the following functions:

 - X2 Setup Request
 - X2 Setup Response 
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 - X2 Setup Failure
 - Handover Request 
 - Handover Request Acknowledge
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 - UE Context Release
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 - X2 timers (t_reloc_prep, tx2_reloc_overall)
 - Handover Cancel
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 - X2-U interface implemented
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## eNB/MCE M2AP ##
The M2AP layer is based on **3GPP 36.443** v14.0.1:
 - M2 Setup Request
 - M2 Setup Response 
 - M2 Setup Failure
 - M2 Scheduling Information
 - M2 Scheduling Information Response 
 - M2 Session Start Request
 - M2 Session Start Response

## MCE/MME M3AP ##
The M3AP layer is based on **3GPP 36.444** v14.0.1:
 - M3 Setup Request
 - M3 Setup Response 
 - M3 Setup Failure
 - M3 Session Start Request
 - M3 Session Start Response

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## eNB Advanced Features ##
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**To be completed**

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# OpenAirInterface Functional Split #

-  RCC: Radio-Cloud Center
-  RAU: Radio-Access Unit
-  RRU: Remote Radio-Unit

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![Functional Split Architecture](./images/oai_lte_enb_func_split_arch.png)
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-  IF4.5 / IF5 : similar to IEEE P1914.1
-  FAPI (IF2)  : specified by Small Cell Forum (open-nFAPI implementation)
-  IF1         : F1 in 3GPP Release 15 (not implemented yet)

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# OpenAirInterface UE Feature Set #

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## LTE UE PHY Layer ##

The Physical layer implements **3GPP 36.211**, **36.212**, **36.213** and provides the following features:

- LTE release 8.6 compliant, and implements a subset of release 10
- FDD and TDD configurations: 1 (experimental) and 3
- Bandwidth: 5, 10, and 20 MHz
- Transmission modes: 1, 2 (stable)
- Max number of antennas: 2
- CQI/PMI reporting: aperiodic, feedback mode 3 - 0 and 3 - 1
- PRACH preamble format 0
- All downlink (DL) channels are supported: PSS, SSS, PBCH, PCFICH, PHICH, PDCCH, PDSCH, PMCH
- All uplink (UL) channels are supported: PRACH, PUSCH, PUCCH (format 1/1a/1b), SRS, DRS
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- LTE MBMS-dedicated cell (feMBMS) procedures subset for LTE release 14 (experimental)  
- LTE non-MBSFN subframe (feMBMS) Carrier Adquistion Subframe-CAS procedures (PSS/SSS/PBCH/PDSH) (experimental)
- LTE MBSFN MBSFN subframe channel (feMBMS): PMCH (CS@1.25KHz) (channel estimation for 25MHz bandwidth) (experimental) 
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## LTE UE MAC Layer ##

The MAC layer implements a subset of the **3GPP 36.321** release v8.6 in support of BCH, DLSCH, RACH, and ULSCH channels. 

- RRC interface for CCCH, DCCH, and DTCH
- HARQ Support
- RA procedures and RNTI management
- RLC interface (AM, UM)
- UL power control
- Link adaptation
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- MBMS-dedicated cell (feMBMS) RRC interface for BCCH 
- eMBMS and MBMS-dedicated cell (feMBMS) RRC interface for MCCH, MTCH
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## LTE UE RLC Layer ##

The RLC layer implements a full specification of the 3GPP 36.322 release v9.3.

## LTE UE PDCP Layer ##

The current PDCP layer is header compliant with **3GPP 36.323** Rel 10.1.0.

## LTE UE RRC Layer ##

The RRC layer is based on **3GPP 36.331** v14.3.0 and implements the following functions:

- System Information decoding
- RRC connection establishment
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- MBMS-dedicated cell (feMBMS) SI-MBMS/SIB1-MBMS management
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## LTE UE NAS Layer ##

The NAS layer is based on **3GPP 24.301** and implements the following functions:

- EMM attach/detach, authentication, tracking area update, and more
- ESM default/dedicated bearer, PDN connectivity, and more
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[oai wiki home](https://gitlab.eurecom.fr/oai/openairinterface5g/wikis/home)

[oai softmodem build procedure](BUILD.md)

[running the oai softmodem ](RUNMODEM.md)