ue_procedures.c 65.4 KB
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/*******************************************************************************

  Eurecom OpenAirInterface
  Copyright(c) 1999 - 2010 Eurecom

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
  under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
  version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.

  This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
  ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
  FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
  more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
  this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
  51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

  The full GNU General Public License is included in this distribution in
  the file called "COPYING".

  Contact Information
  Openair Admin: openair_admin@eurecom.fr
  Openair Tech : openair_tech@eurecom.fr
  Forums       : http://forums.eurecom.fsr/openairinterface
  Address      : Eurecom, 2229, route des crêtes, 06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis, France

*******************************************************************************/
/*! \file ue_procedures.c
* \brief procedures related to UE
* \author Raymond Knopp, Navid Nikaein
* \date 2011
* \version 0.5
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* \email: navid.nikaein@eurecom.fr
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* @ingroup _mac

*/

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#ifdef EXMIMO
#include <pthread.h>
#endif

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#include "extern.h"
#include "defs.h"
#ifdef PHY_EMUL
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# include "SIMULATION/PHY_EMULATION/impl_defs.h"
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#else
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# include "SCHED/defs.h"
# include "PHY/impl_defs_top.h"
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#endif
#include "PHY_INTERFACE/defs.h"
#include "PHY_INTERFACE/extern.h"
#include "COMMON/mac_rrc_primitives.h"
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#include "RRC/L2_INTERFACE/openair_rrc_L2_interface.h"
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#include "RRC/LITE/extern.h"
#include "UTIL/LOG/log.h"
#include "UTIL/LOG/vcd_signal_dumper.h"
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#include "UTIL/OPT/opt.h"
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#include "OCG.h"
#include "OCG_extern.h"
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#ifdef PHY_EMUL
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# include "SIMULATION/simulation_defs.h"
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#endif
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#include "pdcp.h"
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#if defined(ENABLE_ITTI)
# include "intertask_interface.h"
#endif

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#include "assertions.h"

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#define DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING 1
#define ENABLE_MAC_PAYLOAD_DEBUG

/*
#ifndef USER_MODE
#define msg debug_msg
#endif
*/
mapping BSR_names[] = {
    {"NONE", 0},
    {"SHORT BSR", 1},
    {"TRUNCATED BSR", 2},
    {"LONG BSR", 3},
    {"PADDING BSR", 4},
    {NULL, -1}
};

extern inline unsigned int taus(void);


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void ue_init_mac(u8 Mod_id){
  int i;
  
  // default values as deined in 36.331 sec 9.2.2
  LOG_I(MAC,"[UE%d] Applying default macMainConfig\n",Mod_id);
  LOG_D(MAC, "[MSC_NEW][FRAME 00000][MAC_UE][MOD %02d][]\n", Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST);

  //UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.macConfig=NULL;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.retxBSR_Timer= MAC_MainConfig__ul_SCH_Config__retxBSR_Timer_sf2560;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicBSR_Timer=MAC_MainConfig__ul_SCH_Config__periodicBSR_Timer_infinity;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicPHR_Timer = MAC_MainConfig__phr_Config__setup__periodicPHR_Timer_sf20;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.prohibitPHR_Timer = MAC_MainConfig__phr_Config__setup__prohibitPHR_Timer_sf20;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.PathlossChange_db = MAC_MainConfig__phr_Config__setup__dl_PathlossChange_dB1;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_state = MAC_MainConfig__phr_Config_PR_setup;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER=0;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer=0;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer_Running=0;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.maxHARQ_Tx=MAC_MainConfig__ul_SCH_Config__maxHARQ_Tx_n5;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.ttiBundling=0;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.drx_config=NULL;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.phr_config=NULL;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicBSR_SF  =  get_sf_periodicBSRTimer(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicBSR_Timer);
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.retxBSR_SF     =  get_sf_retxBSRTimer(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.retxBSR_Timer);
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicPHR_SF =  get_sf_perioidicPHR_Timer(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicPHR_Timer);
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.prohibitPHR_SF =  get_sf_prohibitPHR_Timer(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.prohibitPHR_Timer);
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.PathlossChange_db =  get_db_dl_PathlossChange(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.PathlossChange);
  
  for (i=0; i < MAX_NUM_LCID; i++){
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE%d] Applying default logical channel config for LCGID %d\n",Mod_id,i);
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.Bj[i]=-1;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.bucket_size[i]=-1;
    if (i < DTCH) // initilize all control channels lcgid to 0
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[i]=0;
    else // initialize all the data channels lcgid to 1 
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[i]=1;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCID_status[i]=0;
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  }
}

unsigned char *parse_header(unsigned char *mac_header,
			    unsigned char *num_ce,
			    unsigned char *num_sdu,
			    unsigned char *rx_ces,
			    unsigned char *rx_lcids,
			    unsigned short *rx_lengths,
			    unsigned short tb_length) {

  unsigned char not_done=1,num_ces=0,num_sdus=0,lcid, num_sdu_cnt;
  unsigned char *mac_header_ptr = mac_header;
  unsigned short length,ce_len=0;

  while (not_done==1) {

    if (((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->E == 0) {
      //      printf("E=0\n");
      not_done = 0;
    }
    lcid = ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID;
    if (lcid < UE_CONT_RES) {
      //printf("[MAC][UE] header %x.%x.%x\n",mac_header_ptr[0],mac_header_ptr[1],mac_header_ptr[2]);
      if (not_done==0) {// last MAC SDU, length is implicit
	mac_header_ptr++;
	length = tb_length-(mac_header_ptr-mac_header)-ce_len;
	for (num_sdu_cnt=0; num_sdu_cnt < num_sdus ; num_sdu_cnt++)
	  length -= rx_lengths[num_sdu_cnt];  
      }
      else {
	if (((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->F == 1) {
	  length = ((((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L_MSB & 0x7f ) << 8 ) | (((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L_LSB & 0xff);
	  mac_header_ptr += 3;
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] parse long sdu, size %x \n",length);
#endif
	
	}  else {	//if (((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->F == 0) {
	  length = ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->L;
	  mac_header_ptr += 2;
	}
      }
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] sdu %d lcid %d length %d (offset now %d)\n",
	    num_sdus,lcid,length,mac_header_ptr-mac_header);
#endif
      rx_lcids[num_sdus] = lcid;
      rx_lengths[num_sdus] = length;
      num_sdus++;
    }
    else {  // This is a control element subheader
      if (lcid == SHORT_PADDING) {
	mac_header_ptr++;
      }
      else {
	rx_ces[num_ces] = lcid;
	num_ces++;
	mac_header_ptr ++;
	if (lcid==TIMING_ADV_CMD)
	  ce_len++;
	else if (lcid==UE_CONT_RES)
	  ce_len+=6;
      }
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] ce %d lcid %d (offset now %d)\n",num_ces,lcid,mac_header_ptr-mac_header);
#endif
    }
  }
  *num_ce = num_ces;
  *num_sdu = num_sdus;

  return(mac_header_ptr);
}

u32 ue_get_SR(u8 Mod_id,u32 frame,u8 eNB_id,u16 rnti, u8 subframe) {

  // no UL-SCH resources available for this tti && UE has a valid PUCCH resources for SR configuration for this tti
  //  int MGL=6;// measurement gap length in ms
  int MGRP=0; // measurement gap repition period in ms
  int gapOffset=-1;
  int T=0;
  //  int sfn=0;

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  DevCheck(Mod_id < NB_UE_INST, Mod_id, NB_UE_INST, 0);

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  // determin the measurement gap
  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d][SR %x] Frame %d subframe %d PHY asks for SR (SR_COUNTER/dsr_TransMax %d/%d), SR_pending %d\n",
	Mod_id,rnti,frame,subframe,
	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER,
	(1<<(2+UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].physicalConfigDedicated->schedulingRequestConfig->choice.setup.dsr_TransMax)),
	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending);
  
  if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].measGapConfig !=NULL){
    if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].measGapConfig->choice.setup.gapOffset.present == MeasGapConfig__setup__gapOffset_PR_gp0){
      MGRP= 40;
      gapOffset= UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].measGapConfig->choice.setup.gapOffset.choice.gp0;
    }else if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].measGapConfig->choice.setup.gapOffset.present == MeasGapConfig__setup__gapOffset_PR_gp1){
      MGRP= 80;
      gapOffset= UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].measGapConfig->choice.setup.gapOffset.choice.gp1;
    }else{
      LOG_W(MAC, "Measurement GAP offset is unknown\n");
    }
    T=MGRP/10;
    //check the measurement gap and sr prohibit timer
    if ((subframe ==  gapOffset %10) && ((frame %T) == (floor(gapOffset/10)))
	&& (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer_Running =0)){
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending=1;
      return(0);
    }
  }
  if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending==1) &&
      (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER <
       (1<<(2+UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].physicalConfigDedicated->schedulingRequestConfig->choice.setup.dsr_TransMax)))
      ){
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER++;
    // start the sr-prohibittimer : rel 9 and above
    if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer > 0) { // timer configured
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer--;
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer_Running=1;
    } else
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.sr_ProhibitTimer_Running=0;
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d][SR %x] Frame %d subframe %d send SR_indication (SR_COUNTER/dsr_TransMax %d/%d), SR_pending %d\n",
	Mod_id,rnti,frame,subframe,
	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER,
	(1<<(2+UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].physicalConfigDedicated->schedulingRequestConfig->choice.setup.dsr_TransMax)),
	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending);
      
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    //UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].ul_active =1;
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    return(1); //instruct phy to signal SR
  }
  else{
    // notify RRC to relase PUCCH/SRS
    // clear any configured dl/ul
    // initiate RA
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending=0;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER=0;
    return(0);
  }
}

void ue_send_sdu(u8 Mod_id,u32 frame,u8 *sdu,u16 sdu_len,u8 eNB_index) {

  unsigned char rx_ces[MAX_NUM_CE],num_ce,num_sdu,i,*payload_ptr;
  unsigned char rx_lcids[NB_RB_MAX];
  unsigned short rx_lengths[NB_RB_MAX];
  unsigned char *tx_sdu;

  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SEND_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_IN);

  LOG_T(MAC,"sdu: %x.%x.%x\n",sdu[0],sdu[1],sdu[2]);

#if defined(USER_MODE) && defined(OAI_EMU)
  if (oai_emulation.info.opt_enabled) {
    trace_pdu(1, sdu, sdu_len, Mod_id, 3, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].crnti,
              UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].subframe, 0, 0);
  }
#endif

  payload_ptr = parse_header(sdu,&num_ce,&num_sdu,rx_ces,rx_lcids,rx_lengths,sdu_len);

#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] ue_send_sdu : Frame %d eNB_index %d : num_ce %d num_sdu %d\n",Mod_id,
	frame,eNB_index,num_ce,num_sdu);
#endif

#if defined(ENABLE_MAC_PAYLOAD_DEBUG)
  LOG_T(MAC,"[eNB %d] First 32 bytes of DLSCH : \n");
  for (i=0;i<32;i++)
    LOG_T(MAC,"%x.",sdu[i]);
  LOG_T(MAC,"\n");  
#endif

  for (i=0;i<num_ce;i++) {
    //    printf("ce %d : %d\n",i,rx_ces[i]);
      switch (rx_ces[i]) {
      case UE_CONT_RES:

	LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d][RAPROC] Frame %d : received contention resolution msg: %x.%x.%x.%x.%x.%x, Terminating RA procedure\n",
	      Mod_id,frame,payload_ptr[0],payload_ptr[1],payload_ptr[2],payload_ptr[3],payload_ptr[4],payload_ptr[5]);
	if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_active == 1) {
	  LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d][RAPROC] Frame %d : Clearing RA_active flag\n");
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_active=0;
	  // check if RA procedure has finished completely (no contention)
	  tx_sdu = &UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].CCCH_pdu.payload[3];
	  //Note: 3 assumes sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT) + PADDING CE, which is when UL-Grant has TBS >= 9 (64 bits)
	  // (other possibility is 1 for TBS=7 (SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED), or 2 for TBS=8 (SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED+PADDING or SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT)
	  for (i=0;i<6;i++)
	    if (tx_sdu[i] != payload_ptr[i]) {
	      LOG_E(MAC,"[UE %d][RAPROC] Contention detected, RA failed\n",Mod_id);
	      mac_xface->ra_failed(Mod_id,eNB_index);
	      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_contention_resolution_timer_active = 0;
              vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SEND_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
	      return;
	    }
	  LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d][RAPROC] Frame %d : Clearing contention resolution timer\n");
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_contention_resolution_timer_active = 0;
	  mac_xface->ra_succeeded(Mod_id,eNB_index);
	}
	payload_ptr+=6;
	break;
      case TIMING_ADV_CMD:
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
	LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] CE %d : UE Timing Advance : %d\n",i,payload_ptr[0]);
#endif
	//mac_xface->process_timing_advance(Mod_id,payload_ptr[0]);
	payload_ptr++;
	break;
      case DRX_CMD:
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
	LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] CE %d : UE DRX :",i);
#endif
	payload_ptr++;
	break;
      }
  }
  for (i=0;i<num_sdu;i++) {
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] SDU %d : LCID %d, length %d\n",i,rx_lcids[i],rx_lengths[i]);
#endif
    if (rx_lcids[i] == CCCH) {

      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : DLSCH -> DL-CCCH, RRC message (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n",Mod_id,frame, eNB_index, rx_lengths[i]);
    
#if defined(ENABLE_MAC_PAYLOAD_DEBUG)
      int j;
      for (j=0;j<rx_lengths[i];j++)
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        LOG_T(MAC,"%x.",(u8)payload_ptr[j]);
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      LOG_T(MAC,"\n");
#endif      
      mac_rrc_data_ind(Mod_id,
		       frame,
		       CCCH,
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		       (u8 *)payload_ptr,rx_lengths[i],0,eNB_index,0);
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    }
    else if (rx_lcids[i] == DCCH) {
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : DLSCH -> DL-DCCH%d, RRC message (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n", Mod_id, frame, rx_lcids[i],eNB_index,rx_lengths[i]);
      mac_rlc_data_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,
		       frame,
		       0,
		       RLC_MBMS_NO,
		       DCCH,
		       (char *)payload_ptr,
		       rx_lengths[i],
		       1,
		       NULL);
    }
    else if (rx_lcids[i] == DCCH1) {
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : DLSCH -> DL-DCCH%d, RRC message (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n", Mod_id, frame, rx_lcids[i], eNB_index,rx_lengths[i]);
	mac_rlc_data_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,
		       frame,
		       0,
		       RLC_MBMS_NO,
		       DCCH1,
		       (char *)payload_ptr,
		       rx_lengths[i],
		       1,
		       NULL);
    }
    else if (rx_lcids[i] == DTCH) {
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : DLSCH -> DL-DTCH%d (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n", Mod_id, frame,rx_lcids[i], eNB_index,rx_lengths[i]);

#if defined(ENABLE_MAC_PAYLOAD_DEBUG)
      int j;
      for (j=0;j<rx_lengths[i];j++)
        LOG_T(MAC,"%x.",(unsigned char)payload_ptr[j]);
      LOG_T(MAC,"\n");
#endif

      mac_rlc_data_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,
		       frame,
		       0,
		       RLC_MBMS_NO,
		       DTCH,
		       (char *)payload_ptr,
		       rx_lengths[i],
		       1,
		       NULL);
    }
    payload_ptr+= rx_lengths[i];
  }
  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SEND_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
}

void ue_decode_si(u8 Mod_id,u32 frame, u8 eNB_index, void *pdu,u16 len) {

  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_DECODE_SI, VCD_FUNCTION_IN);

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  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d Sending SI to RRC (LCID Id %d,len %d)\n",Mod_id,frame,BCCH,len);
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  mac_rrc_data_ind(Mod_id,
		   frame,
		   BCCH,
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		   (u8 *)pdu,
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		   len,
		   0,
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		   eNB_index,
		   0);
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  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_DECODE_SI, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
}

#ifdef Rel10
unsigned char *parse_mch_header(unsigned char *mac_header,
				unsigned char *num_sdu,
				unsigned char *rx_lcids,
				unsigned short *rx_lengths,
				unsigned short tb_length) {
  unsigned char not_done=1, num_sdus=0, lcid, i;
  unsigned char *mac_header_ptr = mac_header;
  unsigned short length;

  while (not_done == 1) {
    if (((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->E == 0) {
      not_done = 0;
    }
    lcid = ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID;
    if (lcid < SHORT_PADDING) {// subheader for MSI, MCCH or MTCH
      if (not_done == 0) { // last MAC SDU, length is implicit
	mac_header_ptr++;
	length = tb_length- (mac_header_ptr - mac_header);
	for (i=0; i<num_sdus; i++)
	  length -= rx_lengths[i];
      }
      else { // not the last MAC SDU
	if ( ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->F == 1) {// subheader has length of 3octets
	  //	  length = ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L;
	  length = ((((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L_MSB & 0x7f ) << 8 ) | (((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L_LSB & 0xff);
	  mac_header_ptr += 3;
	} 
	else {// subheader has length of 2octets
	  length = ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->L;
	  mac_header_ptr += 2;
	}
      }
      rx_lcids[num_sdus] = lcid;
      rx_lengths[num_sdus] = length;
      num_sdus++;
    }
    else {// subheader for padding
      //     if (lcid == SHORT_PADDING) 
	mac_header_ptr++;
    }
  }
  *num_sdu = num_sdus;
  return(mac_header_ptr);
}

// this function is for sending mch_sdu from phy to mac
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void ue_send_mch_sdu(u8 Mod_id, u32 frame, u8 *sdu, u16 sdu_len, u8 eNB_index, u8 sync_area) {
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  unsigned char num_sdu, i, *payload_ptr;
  unsigned char rx_lcids[NB_RB_MAX]; 
  unsigned short rx_lengths[NB_RB_MAX];

  //  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SEND_MCH_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_IN);
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  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : process the mch PDU for sync area %d \n",Mod_id,frame, sync_area);
  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] sdu: %x.%x\n", Mod_id,sdu[0], sdu[1]);
  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] parse_mch_header, demultiplex\n",Mod_id);
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  payload_ptr = parse_mch_header(sdu, &num_sdu, rx_lcids, rx_lengths, sdu_len);
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  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] parse_mch_header, found %d sdus\n",Mod_id,num_sdu);
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  for (i=0; i<num_sdu; i++) {
    if (rx_lcids[i] == MCH_SCHDL_INFO) {
      if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mcch_status==1) {
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	LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : MCH->MSI for sync area %d (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n",Mod_id,frame, sync_area, eNB_index, rx_lengths[i]);
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	// ??store necessary scheduling info to ue_mac_inst in order to 
	// calculate exact position of interested service (for the complex case has >1 mtch)
	// set msi_status to 1
	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].msi_status = 1;
      }
    }
    else if (rx_lcids[i] == MCCH_LCHANID) {
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      LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : SDU %d MCH->MCCH for sync area %d (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n",Mod_id,frame, i, sync_area, eNB_index, rx_lengths[i]);
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      mac_rrc_data_ind(Mod_id, 
		       frame, 
		       MCCH, 
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		       payload_ptr, rx_lengths[i], 0, eNB_index, sync_area);
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    }
    else if (rx_lcids[i] == MTCH) {
      if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].msi_status==1) {  
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	LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : MCH->MTCH for sync area %d (eNB %d, %d bytes)\n",Mod_id,frame, sync_area, eNB_index, rx_lengths[i]);
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	mac_rlc_data_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST, // because rlc[module_idP] (to differential between eNB and UE)
			 frame,
			 0,
			 RLC_MBMS_YES,
			 MTCH + (maxDRB + 3),
			 (char *)payload_ptr,
			 rx_lengths[i],
			 1,
			 NULL);

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      }
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    } else {
      LOG_W(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : unknown sdu %d mcch status %d eNB %d \n",Mod_id,frame,rx_lengths[i],
	    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mcch_status, eNB_index);
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    }
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    payload_ptr += rx_lengths[i];
  }

  //  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SEND_MCH_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
}

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s8 ue_get_mbsfn_sf_alloction (unsigned char Mod_id, u8 mbsfn_sync_area, unsigned char eNB_index){
 // currently there is one-to-one mapping between sf allocation pattern and sync area
  if (mbsfn_sync_area > MAX_MBSFN_AREA){
    LOG_W(MAC,"[UE %d] MBSFN synchronization area %d out of range for eNB %d\n ", Mod_id, mbsfn_sync_area, eNB_index); 
    return -1;
  }
  else if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[mbsfn_sync_area] != NULL)
    return mbsfn_sync_area; 
  else {
    LOG_W(MAC,"[UE %d] MBSFN Subframe Config pattern %d not found \n ", Mod_id, mbsfn_sync_area); 
    return -1;
  }
}
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int ue_query_mch(uint8_t Mod_id, uint32_t frame, uint32_t subframe, uint8_t eNB_index,uint8_t *sync_area, uint8_t *mcch_active) {

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  int i=0, j=0, ii=0, msi_pos=0, mcch_mcs = - 1;
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  int mcch_flag=0, mtch_flag=0, msi_flag=0;
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  int mbsfn_period = 0;// 1<<(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[0]->radioframeAllocationPeriod);
  int mcch_period = 0;// 32<<(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[0]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_RepetitionPeriod_r9);
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  int mch_scheduling_period = -1;
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  if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].pmch_Config[0])
    mch_scheduling_period = 8<<(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].pmch_Config[0]->mch_SchedulingPeriod_r9);

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  for (i=0; 
       i< eNB_mac_inst[Mod_id].num_active_mbsfn_area;
       i++ ){ 
    // assume, that there is always a mapping
    if ((j=ue_get_mbsfn_sf_alloction(Mod_id,i,eNB_index)) == -1)
      return -1; // continue;
    ii=0;
    msi_pos=0;
    mbsfn_period = 1<<(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[0]->radioframeAllocationPeriod);
    mcch_period = 32<<(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[0]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_RepetitionPeriod_r9);
    
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d subframe %d: Checking MBSFN Sync Area %d/%d with SF allocation %d/%d for MCCH and MTCH (mbsfn period %d, mcch period %d)\n", 
	  Mod_id,frame, subframe,i,UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].num_active_mbsfn_area,
	  j,UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].num_sf_allocation_pattern,mbsfn_period,mcch_period);
    
    // get the real MCS value 
    switch (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.signallingMCS_r9) {
    case 0:
      mcch_mcs = 2;
      break;
    case 1:
      mcch_mcs = 7;
      break;
    case 2:
      mcch_mcs = 13;
      break;
    case 3:
      mcch_mcs = 19;
      break;
    }
    
    if (frame % mbsfn_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->radioframeAllocationOffset){ // MBSFN frame
      if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.present == MBSFN_SubframeConfig__subframeAllocation_PR_oneFrame){// one-frame format
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	if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].pmch_Config[0]) {
	  //  Find the first subframe in this MCH to transmit MSI
	  if (frame % mch_scheduling_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->radioframeAllocationOffset ) {
	    while (ii == 0) {
	      ii = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & (0x80>>msi_pos);
	      msi_pos++;
	    }
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	  }
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	}
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      // Check if the subframe is for MSI, MCCH or MTCHs and Set the correspoding flag to 1
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	switch (subframe) {     
	case 1:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == FDD) {      
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF1) == MBSFN_FDD_SF1) {
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	    if (msi_pos == 1) 
	      msi_flag = 1;
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	    if ( (frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		 ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF1) == MBSFN_FDD_SF1) )
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	      mcch_flag = 1;
	    mtch_flag = 1;
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	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
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	case 2:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == FDD){
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF2) == MBSFN_FDD_SF2) {
	      if (msi_pos == 2) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ( (frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		   ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF2) == MBSFN_FDD_SF2) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
	  
	case 3:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == TDD){// TDD
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF3) == MBSFN_TDD_SF3) {
	      if (msi_pos == 1) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ( (frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		   ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF3) == MBSFN_TDD_SF3) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  else {// FDD
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF3) == MBSFN_FDD_SF3) {
	      if (msi_pos == 3) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		  ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF3) == MBSFN_FDD_SF3) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
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	case 4:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == TDD){
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF4) == MBSFN_TDD_SF4) {
	      if (msi_pos == 2) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		   ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF4) == MBSFN_TDD_SF4) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
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	case 6:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == FDD){
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF6) == MBSFN_FDD_SF6) {
	      if (msi_pos == 4) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		  ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF6) == MBSFN_FDD_SF6) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
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	case 7:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == TDD){ // TDD
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF7) == MBSFN_TDD_SF7) {
	      if (msi_pos == 3) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		  ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF7) == MBSFN_TDD_SF7) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  else {// FDD
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF7) == MBSFN_FDD_SF7) {
	      if (msi_pos == 5) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		  ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF7) == MBSFN_FDD_SF7) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
	break;
	
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	case 8:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == TDD){ //TDD
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF8) == MBSFN_TDD_SF8) {
	      if (msi_pos == 4) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ( (frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		   ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF8) == MBSFN_TDD_SF8) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  else{ // FDD
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF8) == MBSFN_FDD_SF8) {
	      if (msi_pos == 6) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		  ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_FDD_SF8) == MBSFN_FDD_SF8) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
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	case 9:
	  if (mac_xface->lte_frame_parms->frame_type == TDD){
	    if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_SubframeConfig[j]->subframeAllocation.choice.oneFrame.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF9) == MBSFN_TDD_SF9) {
	      if (msi_pos == 5) 
		msi_flag = 1;
	      if ((frame % mcch_period == UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.mcch_Offset_r9) && 
		  ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mbsfn_AreaInfo[i]->mcch_Config_r9.sf_AllocInfo_r9.buf[0] & MBSFN_TDD_SF9) == MBSFN_TDD_SF9) )
		mcch_flag = 1;
	      mtch_flag = 1;
	    }
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	  }
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	  break;
	}// end switch
	// sf allocation is non-overlapping
        if ((msi_flag==1) || (mcch_flag==1) || (mtch_flag==1)){
	  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d Subframe %d: sync area %d SF alloc %d: msi flag %d, mcch flag %d, mtch flag %d\n",
		Mod_id, frame, subframe,i,j,msi_flag,mcch_flag,mtch_flag);
	 
	  *sync_area=i;  
	  break;
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	}
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      }
      else {// four-frame format
      }
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    }
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  } // end of for
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  if ( (mcch_flag==1))// || (msi_flag==1))
    *mcch_active=1;

  if ( (mcch_flag==1) || ((msi_flag==1) && (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].mcch_status==1)) ){ 
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    return mcch_mcs;
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  } else if ((mtch_flag==1) && (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].msi_status==1))
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    return UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].pmch_Config[0]->dataMCS_r9;
  else 
    return -1;
}

#endif

unsigned char generate_ulsch_header(u8 *mac_header,
				    u8 num_sdus,
				    u8 short_padding,
				    u16 *sdu_lengths,
				    u8 *sdu_lcids,
				    POWER_HEADROOM_CMD *power_headroom,
				    u16 *crnti,
				    BSR_SHORT *truncated_bsr,
				    BSR_SHORT *short_bsr,
				    BSR_LONG *long_bsr,
				    unsigned short post_padding) {

  SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *mac_header_ptr = (SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header;
  unsigned char first_element=0,last_size=0,i;
  unsigned char mac_header_control_elements[16],*ce_ptr;

  LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] Generate ULSCH : num_sdus %d\n",num_sdus);
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
  for (i=0;i<num_sdus;i++)
    LOG_T(MAC,"[UE] sdu %d : lcid %d length %d",i,sdu_lcids[i],sdu_lengths[i]);
  LOG_T(MAC,"\n");
#endif
  ce_ptr = &mac_header_control_elements[0];

  if ((short_padding == 1) || (short_padding == 2)) {
    mac_header_ptr->R    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = SHORT_PADDING;
    first_element=1;
    last_size=1;
  }
  if (short_padding == 2) {
    mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
    mac_header_ptr++;
    mac_header_ptr->R = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = SHORT_PADDING;
    last_size=1;
  }

  if (power_headroom) {
    if (first_element>0) {
      mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
      mac_header_ptr++;
    }
    else {
      first_element=1;
    }
    mac_header_ptr->R = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = POWER_HEADROOM;
    last_size=1;
    *((POWER_HEADROOM_CMD *)ce_ptr)=(*power_headroom);
    ce_ptr+=sizeof(POWER_HEADROOM_CMD);
    LOG_D(MAC, "phr header size %d\n",sizeof(POWER_HEADROOM_CMD));
  }

  if (crnti) {
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] CRNTI : %x (first_element %d)\n",*crnti,first_element);
#endif
    if (first_element>0) {
      mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
      mac_header_ptr++;
    }
    else {
      first_element=1;
    }
    mac_header_ptr->R    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = CRNTI;
    last_size=1;
    *((u16 *)ce_ptr)=(*crnti);
    ce_ptr+=sizeof(u16);
    //    printf("offset %d\n",ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements);
  }

  if (truncated_bsr) {
    if (first_element>0) {
      mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
      /*
      printf("last subheader : %x (R%d,E%d,LCID%d)\n",*(unsigned char*)mac_header_ptr,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->R,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->E,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID);
      */
      mac_header_ptr++;
    }
    else {
      first_element=1;
    }
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] Scheduler Truncated BSR Header\n");
#endif
    mac_header_ptr->R = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = TRUNCATED_BSR;
    last_size=1;
    *((BSR_TRUNCATED *)ce_ptr)=(*truncated_bsr);
    ce_ptr+=sizeof(BSR_TRUNCATED);

    //    printf("(cont_res) : offset %d\n",ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements);
  }
  else if (short_bsr) {
    if (first_element>0) {
      mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
      /*
      printf("last subheader : %x (R%d,E%d,LCID%d)\n",*(unsigned char*)mac_header_ptr,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->R,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->E,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID);
      */
      mac_header_ptr++;
    }
    else {
      first_element=1;
    }
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] Scheduler SHORT BSR Header\n");
#endif
    mac_header_ptr->R = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = SHORT_BSR;
    last_size=1;
    *((BSR_SHORT *)ce_ptr)=(*short_bsr);
    ce_ptr+=sizeof(BSR_SHORT);

    //    printf("(cont_res) : offset %d\n",ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements);
  }
  else if (long_bsr) {
    if (first_element>0) {
      mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
      /*
      printf("last subheader : %x (R%d,E%d,LCID%d)\n",*(unsigned char*)mac_header_ptr,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->R,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->E,
	     ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID);
      */
      mac_header_ptr++;
    }
    else {
      first_element=1;
    }
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] Scheduler Long BSR Header\n");
#endif
    mac_header_ptr->R = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = LONG_BSR;
    last_size=1;

    *(ce_ptr)     = (long_bsr->Buffer_size0 << 2) | ((long_bsr->Buffer_size1 & 0x30) >> 4);
    *(ce_ptr + 1) = ((long_bsr->Buffer_size1 & 0x0F) << 4) | ((long_bsr->Buffer_size2 & 0x3C) >> 2);
    *(ce_ptr + 2) = ((long_bsr->Buffer_size2 & 0x03) << 2) | (long_bsr->Buffer_size3 & 0x3F);
    /* Padding */
    *(ce_ptr + 3) = 0;
    ce_ptr += BSR_LONG_SIZE;

    //    printf("(cont_res) : offset %d\n",ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements);
  }
  //  printf("last_size %d,mac_header_ptr %p\n",last_size,mac_header_ptr);

  for (i=0;i<num_sdus;i++) {
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
    LOG_T(MAC,"[UE] sdu subheader %d (lcid %d, %d bytes)\n",i,sdu_lcids[i],sdu_lengths[i]);
#endif
    if ((first_element>0)) {
      mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] last subheader : %x (R%d,E%d,LCID%d)\n",*(unsigned char*)mac_header_ptr,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->R,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->E,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID);
#endif
      mac_header_ptr+=last_size;
      //      printf("last_size %d,mac_header_ptr %p\n",last_size,mac_header_ptr);
    }
    else {
      first_element=1;

    }
    if (sdu_lengths[i] < 128) {
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->R    = 0; // 3
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->E    = 0;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->F    = 0;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID = sdu_lcids[i];
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->L    = (unsigned char)sdu_lengths[i];
      last_size=2;
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] short sdu\n");
      LOG_T(MAC,"[UE] last subheader : %x (R%d,E%d,LCID%d,F%d,L%d)\n",
	  ((u16*)mac_header_ptr)[0],
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->R,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->E,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->F,
	  ((SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT *)mac_header_ptr)->L);
#endif
    }
    else {
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->R    = 0;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->E    = 0;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->F    = 1;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->LCID = sdu_lcids[i];
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L_MSB    = ((unsigned short) sdu_lengths[i]>>8)&0x7f;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->L_LSB    = (unsigned short) sdu_lengths[i]&0xff;
      ((SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG *)mac_header_ptr)->padding  = 0x00;
      last_size=3;
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
      LOG_D(MAC,"[UE] long sdu\n");
#endif
    }
  }
  if (post_padding>0) {// we have lots of padding at the end of the packet
    mac_header_ptr->E = 1;
    mac_header_ptr+=last_size;
    // add a padding element
    mac_header_ptr->R    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->E    = 0;
    mac_header_ptr->LCID = SHORT_PADDING;
    mac_header_ptr++;
  }
  else { // no end of packet padding
    // last SDU subhead is of fixed type (sdu length implicitly to be computed at UE)
    mac_header_ptr++;
    //mac_header_ptr=last_size; // FIXME: should be ++
  }
  
  if ((ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements) > 0) {
    memcpy((void*)mac_header_ptr,mac_header_control_elements,ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements);
    mac_header_ptr+=(unsigned char)(ce_ptr-mac_header_control_elements);
  }
#ifdef DEBUG_HEADER_PARSING
  LOG_T(MAC," [UE %d] header : ", crnti);
  for (i=0;i<((unsigned char*)mac_header_ptr - mac_header);i++)
    LOG_T(MAC,"%2x.",mac_header[i]);
  LOG_T(MAC,"\n");
#endif
  return((unsigned char*)mac_header_ptr - mac_header);

}

void ue_get_sdu(u8 Mod_id,u32 frame,u8 subframe, u8 eNB_index,u8 *ulsch_buffer,u16 buflen, u8 *access_mode) {

  mac_rlc_status_resp_t rlc_status;
  u8 dcch_header_len=0,dcch1_header_len=0,dtch_header_len=0;
  u8 dcch_header_len_tmp=0, dtch_header_len_tmp=0;
  u8 bsr_header_len=0, bsr_ce_len=0, bsr_len=0; 
  u8 phr_header_len=0, phr_ce_len=0,phr_len=0;
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  u16 sdu_lengths[8] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
  u8 sdu_lcids[8]    = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
  u8 payload_offset=0,num_sdus=0;
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  u8 ulsch_buff[MAX_ULSCH_PAYLOAD_BYTES];
  u16 sdu_length_total=0;
  BSR_SHORT bsr_short;
  BSR_LONG bsr_long;
  BSR_SHORT *bsr_s=&bsr_short;
  BSR_LONG  *bsr_l=&bsr_long;
  POWER_HEADROOM_CMD phr;
  POWER_HEADROOM_CMD *phr_p=&phr;
  unsigned short short_padding=0, post_padding=0;
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  int lcgid;
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  int j; // used for padding
  // Compute header length

  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_GET_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_IN);

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#ifdef CBA
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  if (*access_mode==CBA_ACCESS){
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    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] frame %d subframe %d try CBA transmission\n",
          Mod_id, frame, subframe);
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 //if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCID_status[DTCH] == LCID_EMPTY) 
    if (use_cba_access(Mod_id,frame,subframe,eNB_index)==0){
      *access_mode=POSTPONED_ACCESS;
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      vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_GET_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
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      return;
    }
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    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] frame %d subframe %d CBA transmission oppurtunity, tbs %d\n",
          Mod_id, frame, subframe,buflen);
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  }
#endif
  dcch_header_len=2;//sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT);
  dcch1_header_len=2;//sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT);
  // hypo length,in case of long header skip the padding byte
  dtch_header_len=(buflen > 128 ) ? 3 : 2 ; //sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG)-1 : sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT);
  bsr_header_len = 1;//sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED);
  phr_header_len = 1;//sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_FIXED);
  phr_ce_len = (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active == 1) ? 1 /* sizeof(POWER_HEADROOM_CMD)*/: 0;
  if (phr_ce_len > 0){
    phr_len = phr_ce_len + phr_header_len;
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    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] header size info: PHR len %d (ce%d,hdr%d) buff_len %d\n",
          Mod_id, phr_len, phr_ce_len, phr_header_len, buflen);
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  }else
    phr_len=0;
 
  bsr_ce_len = get_bsr_len (Mod_id, buflen-phr_len);
  if (bsr_ce_len > 0 ){
    bsr_len = bsr_ce_len + bsr_header_len;
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    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] header size info: dcch %d, dcch1 %d, dtch %d, bsr (ce%d,hdr%d) buff_len %d\n",
          Mod_id, dcch_header_len,dcch1_header_len,dtch_header_len, bsr_ce_len, bsr_header_len, buflen);
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  } else
    bsr_len = 0;
  
    // check for UL bandwidth requests and add SR control element

  // Check for DCCH first
  sdu_lengths[0]=0;
 
  if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCID_status[DCCH] == LCID_NOT_EMPTY) {
    
    rlc_status = mac_rlc_status_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,frame,0,RLC_MBMS_NO,
				    DCCH,
				    (buflen-dcch_header_len-bsr_len-phr_len));
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    LOG_D(MAC, "[UE %d] Frame %d : UL-DCCH -> ULSCH, RRC message has %d bytes to "
          "send (Transport Block size %d, mac header len %d)\n",
          Mod_id,frame, rlc_status.bytes_in_buffer,buflen,dcch_header_len);
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    sdu_lengths[0] += mac_rlc_data_req(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,frame,RLC_MBMS_NO,
				       DCCH,
				       (char *)&ulsch_buff[sdu_lengths[0]]);

    sdu_length_total += sdu_lengths[0];
    sdu_lcids[0] = DCCH;
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] TX Got %d bytes for DCCH\n",Mod_id,sdu_lengths[0]);
    num_sdus = 1;
    update_bsr(Mod_id, frame, DCCH, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[DCCH]);
    //header_len +=2;
  }
  else {
    dcch_header_len=0;
    num_sdus = 0;
  }

  // DCCH1
  if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCID_status[DCCH1] == LCID_NOT_EMPTY) {

    rlc_status = mac_rlc_status_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,frame,0,RLC_MBMS_NO,
				    DCCH1,
				    (buflen-bsr_len-phr_len-dcch_header_len-dcch1_header_len-sdu_length_total));

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    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : UL-DCCH1 -> ULSCH, RRC message has %d bytes to"
          " send (Transport Block size %d, mac header len %d)\n",
          Mod_id,frame, rlc_status.bytes_in_buffer,buflen,dcch1_header_len);
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    sdu_lengths[num_sdus] = mac_rlc_data_req(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,frame,RLC_MBMS_NO,
					     DCCH1,
					     (char *)&ulsch_buff[sdu_lengths[0]]);
    sdu_length_total += sdu_lengths[num_sdus];
    sdu_lcids[num_sdus] = DCCH1;
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] TX Got %d bytes for DCCH1\n",Mod_id,sdu_lengths[num_sdus]);
    num_sdus++;
    //update_bsr(Mod_id, frame, DCCH1);
    //dcch_header_len +=2; // include dcch1
  }
  else {
    dcch1_header_len =0;
  }

  if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCID_status[DTCH] == LCID_NOT_EMPTY) &&
      ((bsr_len+phr_len+dcch_header_len+dcch1_header_len+dtch_header_len+sdu_length_total) <= buflen)){

    // optimize the dtch header lenght
    //if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR_bytes[DTCH] > 128) &&   
    /*   if (((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR_bytes[DTCH] >= 128) &&
	((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR_bytes[DTCH]+bsr_len+phr_len+dcch_header_len+dcch1_header_len+dtch_header_len) > buflen)&&
	 buflen >=128 ))
      dtch_header_len = 3;//sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_LONG);
    else 
      dtch_header_len = 2;//sizeof(SCH_SUBHEADER_SHORT);
    */
    rlc_status = mac_rlc_status_ind(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,frame,0,RLC_MBMS_NO,
				    DTCH,
				    buflen-bsr_len-phr_len-dcch_header_len-dcch1_header_len-dtch_header_len-sdu_length_total);

    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d : UL-DTCH -> ULSCH, %d bytes to send (Transport Block size %d, mac header len %d, BSR byte[DTCH] %d)\n",
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          Mod_id,frame, rlc_status.bytes_in_buffer,buflen,dtch_header_len,
          UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR_bytes[DTCH]);
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    sdu_lengths[num_sdus] = mac_rlc_data_req(Mod_id+NB_eNB_INST,frame,RLC_MBMS_NO,
					     DTCH,
					     (char *)&ulsch_buff[sdu_length_total]);

    //adjust dtch header
    dtch_header_len = (sdu_lengths[num_sdus] >= 128) ? 3 : 2;
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] TX Got %d bytes for DTCH\n",Mod_id,sdu_lengths[num_sdus]);
    sdu_lcids[num_sdus] = DTCH;
    sdu_length_total += sdu_lengths[num_sdus];
    num_sdus++;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].ul_active = update_bsr(Mod_id, frame, DTCH, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[DTCH]);
  }
  else { // no rlc pdu : generate the dummy header
    dtch_header_len = 0;
  }
  
  lcgid= get_bsr_lcgid(Mod_id);

  if (lcgid < 0 ) {
    bsr_s = NULL;
    bsr_l = NULL ;
  } else if ((lcgid ==MAX_NUM_LCGID) && (bsr_ce_len == sizeof(BSR_LONG))) {
    bsr_s = NULL;
    bsr_l->Buffer_size0 = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID0];
    bsr_l->Buffer_size1 = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID1];
    bsr_l->Buffer_size2 = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID2];
    bsr_l->Buffer_size3 = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID3];
    LOG_D(MAC, "[UE %d] Frame %d report long BSR (level LCGID0 %d,level LCGID1 %d,level LCGID2 %d,level LCGID3 %d)\n", Mod_id,frame, 
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID0],
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID1],
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID2],
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID3]);
  } else if (bsr_ce_len == sizeof(BSR_SHORT)) {
    bsr_l = NULL;
    bsr_s->LCGID = lcgid;
    bsr_s->Buffer_size = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[lcgid];
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d report SHORT BSR with level %d for LCGID %d\n", 
	  Mod_id, frame, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[lcgid],lcgid);
  } else {
      bsr_s = NULL;
      bsr_l = NULL;
  }

   // build PHR and update the timers 
  if (phr_ce_len == sizeof(POWER_HEADROOM_CMD)){
    phr_p->PH = get_phr_mapping(Mod_id,eNB_index);
    phr_p->R  = 0;
     LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d report PHR with mapping (%d->%d) for LCID %d\n", 
	   Mod_id,frame, mac_xface->get_PHR(Mod_id,eNB_index), phr_p->PH,POWER_HEADROOM);
     update_phr(Mod_id);
  }else
    phr_p=NULL;

  LOG_T(MAC,"[UE %d] Frame %d: bsr s %p bsr_l %p, phr_p %p\n",  Mod_id,frame,bsr_s, bsr_l, phr_p);

  // adjust the header length 
  dcch_header_len_tmp = dcch_header_len;
  dtch_header_len_tmp = dtch_header_len;
  if (dtch_header_len==0)
    dcch_header_len = (dcch_header_len>0)? 1: dcch_header_len;  
  else 
    dtch_header_len= (dtch_header_len >0)? 1: dtch_header_len;   // for short and long, cut the length+F fields  
  
  if ((buflen-bsr_len-phr_len-dcch_header_len-dcch1_header_len-dtch_header_len-sdu_length_total) == buflen) {
    *access_mode=CANCELED_ACCESS;
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    vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_GET_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
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    return;
  } else if ((buflen-bsr_len-phr_len-dcch_header_len-dcch1_header_len-dtch_header_len-sdu_length_total) <= 2) {
    short_padding = buflen-bsr_len-phr_len-dcch_header_len-dcch1_header_len-dtch_header_len-sdu_length_total;
    post_padding = 0;
  }
  else {
    short_padding = 0;
    if (dtch_header_len==0)
      dcch_header_len = dcch_header_len_tmp;
    else 
      dtch_header_len= dtch_header_len_tmp;
    
    post_padding = buflen-bsr_len-phr_len-dcch_header_len-dcch1_header_len-dtch_header_len-sdu_length_total -1 ;
  }
 
  // Generate header
  // if (num_sdus>0) {
  
  payload_offset = generate_ulsch_header(ulsch_buffer,  // mac header
					   num_sdus,      // num sdus
					   short_padding,            // short pading
					   sdu_lengths,  // sdu length
					   sdu_lcids,    // sdu lcid
					   phr_p,  // power headroom
					   NULL,  // crnti
					   NULL,  // truncated bsr
					   bsr_s, // short bsr
					   bsr_l,
					   post_padding); // long_bsr
  LOG_I(MAC,"[UE %d] Generate header :bufflen %d  sdu_length_total %d, num_sdus %d, sdu_lengths[0] %d, sdu_lcids[0] %d => payload offset %d,  dcch_header_len %d, dtch_header_len %d, padding %d,post_padding %d, bsr len %d, phr len %d, reminder %d \n",
	Mod_id,buflen, sdu_length_total,num_sdus,sdu_lengths[0],sdu_lcids[0],payload_offset, dcch_header_len,  dtch_header_len,
	short_padding,post_padding, bsr_len, phr_len,buflen-sdu_length_total-payload_offset);
  // cycle through SDUs and place in ulsch_buffer
  memcpy(&ulsch_buffer[payload_offset],ulsch_buff,sdu_length_total);
  // fill remainder of DLSCH with random data
  for (j=0;j<(buflen-sdu_length_total-payload_offset);j++)
    ulsch_buffer[payload_offset+sdu_length_total+j] = (char)(taus()&0xff);

#if defined(USER_MODE) && defined(OAI_EMU)
  if (oai_emulation.info.opt_enabled)
    trace_pdu(0, ulsch_buffer, buflen, Mod_id, 3, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].crnti, subframe, 0, 0);
  LOG_D(OPT,"[UE %d][ULSCH] Frame %d trace pdu for rnti %x  with size %d\n", 
	Mod_id, frame, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].crnti, buflen);
#endif
  
    LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d][SR] Gave SDU to PHY, clearing any scheduling request\n",
	  Mod_id,payload_offset, sdu_length_total);
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending=0;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_COUNTER=0;
    vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_GET_SDU, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
}

// called at each subframe
// Performs :
// 1. Trigger PDCP every 5ms
// 2. Call RRC for link status return to PHY
// 3. Perform SR/BSR procedures for scheduling feedback
// 4. Perform PHR procedures



UE_L2_STATE_t ue_scheduler(u8 Mod_id,u32 frame, u8 subframe, lte_subframe_t direction,u8 eNB_index) {

  int lcid; // lcid index
  int TTI= 1;
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  int bucketsizeduration = -1;
  int bucketsizeduration_max = -1;
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  // mac_rlc_status_resp_t rlc_status[MAX_NUM_LCGID]; // 4
  // s8 lcg_id;
  struct RACH_ConfigCommon *rach_ConfigCommon = (struct RACH_ConfigCommon *)NULL;
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  int ret;  
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#endif
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  MessageDef *msg_p;
  const char *msg_name;
  instance_t instance;
#endif
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  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SCHEDULER, VCD_FUNCTION_IN);

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#if defined(ENABLE_ITTI)
  do {
    // Checks if a message has been sent to MAC sub-task
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    itti_poll_msg (TASK_MAC_UE, &msg_p);
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    if (msg_p != NULL) {
      msg_name = ITTI_MSG_NAME (msg_p);
      instance = ITTI_MSG_INSTANCE (msg_p);

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      switch (ITTI_MSG_ID(msg_p)) {
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        case RRC_MAC_CCCH_DATA_REQ:
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          LOG_I(MAC, "Received %s from %s: instance %d, frame %d, eNB_index %d\n",
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                msg_name, ITTI_MSG_ORIGIN_NAME(msg_p), instance,
                RRC_MAC_CCCH_DATA_REQ (msg_p).frame, RRC_MAC_CCCH_DATA_REQ (msg_p).enb_index);

          // TODO process CCCH data req.
          break;

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        default:
          LOG_E(MAC, "Received unexpected message %s\n", msg_name);
          break;
      }

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      itti_free (ITTI_MSG_ORIGIN_ID(msg_p), msg_p);
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    }
  } while(msg_p != NULL);
#endif

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  //Mac_rlc_xface->frame=frame;
  //Rrc_xface->Frame_index=Mac_rlc_xface->frame;
  //if (subframe%5 == 0)
#ifdef EXMIMO
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  pdcp_run(frame, 0, Mod_id, eNB_index);
  /*
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  ret = pthread_mutex_trylock (&pdcp_mutex);
  if (ret != 0) {
    if (ret==EBUSY)
      LOG_E(PDCP,"Mutex busy\n");
    else
      LOG_E(PDCP,"Cannot lock mutex\n");
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    //return(-1);
  }
  else {
    pdcp_instance_cnt++;
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&pdcp_mutex);
        
    if (pdcp_instance_cnt == 0) {
      if (pthread_cond_signal(&pdcp_cond) != 0) {
	LOG_E(PDCP,"pthread_cond_signal unsuccessfull\n");
	//return(-1);
      }
    }
    else {
      LOG_W(PDCP,"PDCP thread busy!!! inst_cnt=%d\n",pdcp_instance_cnt);
    }
  }
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  */
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#endif 
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].frame = frame;
  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].subframe = subframe;



#ifdef CELLULAR
  rrc_rx_tx(Mod_id, frame, 0, eNB_index);
#else
  switch (rrc_rx_tx(Mod_id,
		    frame,
		    0,
		    eNB_index)) {
  case RRC_OK:
    break;
  case RRC_ConnSetup_failed:
    LOG_E(MAC,"RRCConnectionSetup failed, returning to IDLE state\n");
    return(CONNECTION_LOST);
    break;
  case RRC_PHY_RESYNCH:
    LOG_E(MAC,"RRC Loss of synch, returning PHY_RESYNCH\n");
    return(PHY_RESYNCH);
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  case RRC_Handover_failed:
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    LOG_N(MAC,"Handover failure for UE %d eNB_index %d\n",Mod_id,eNB_index);
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    //Invalid...need to add another MAC UE state for re-connection procedure
    mac_xface->phy_config_afterHO_ue(Mod_id,eNB_index,(MobilityControlInfo_t *)NULL,1);
    //return(3);
    break;
  case RRC_HO_STARTED:
    LOG_I(MAC,"RRC handover, Instruct PHY to start the contention-free PRACH and synchronization\n");
    return(PHY_HO_PRACH);
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  default:
    break;
  }
#endif 

  // Check Contention resolution timer (put in a function later)
  if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_contention_resolution_timer_active == 1) {
  
    if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].radioResourceConfigCommon)
      rach_ConfigCommon = &UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].radioResourceConfigCommon->rach_ConfigCommon;
    else {
      LOG_E(MAC,"FATAL: radioResourceConfigCommon is NULL!!!\n");
      mac_xface->macphy_exit("");
      vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SCHEDULER, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
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      return(RRC_OK); 
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    }

    LOG_I(MAC,"Frame %d: Contention resolution timer %d/%d\n",frame,UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_contention_resolution_cnt,
	  ((1+rach_ConfigCommon->ra_SupervisionInfo.mac_ContentionResolutionTimer)<<3));

    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_contention_resolution_cnt++;
    if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_contention_resolution_cnt ==
	((1+rach_ConfigCommon->ra_SupervisionInfo.mac_ContentionResolutionTimer)<<3)) {
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].RA_active = 0;
      // Signal PHY to quit RA procedure
      LOG_E(MAC,"Contention resolution timer expired, RA failed\n");
      mac_xface->ra_failed(Mod_id,eNB_index);
    }
  }


  // call SR procedure to generate pending SR and BSR for next PUCCH/PUSCH TxOp.  This should implement the procedures
  // outlined in Sections 5.4.4 an 5.4.5 of 36.321
  // Put this in another function

    // Get RLC status info and update Bj for all lcids that are active
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  for (lcid=DCCH; lcid <= DTCH; lcid++ ) {
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    if ((lcid == 0) ||(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].logicalChannelConfig[lcid])) {
      // meausre the Bj
      if ((direction == SF_UL)&& (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.Bj[lcid] >= 0)){
	if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].logicalChannelConfig[lcid]->ul_SpecificParameters) {
	  bucketsizeduration = UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].logicalChannelConfig[lcid]->ul_SpecificParameters->prioritisedBitRate * TTI;
	  bucketsizeduration_max = get_ms_bucketsizeduration(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].logicalChannelConfig[lcid]->ul_SpecificParameters->bucketSizeDuration);
	}
	else {
	  LOG_E(MAC,"[UE %d] lcid %d, NULL ul_SpecificParameters\n",Mod_id,lcid);
	  mac_xface->macphy_exit("");
	}
	if ( UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.Bj[lcid] > bucketsizeduration_max )
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.Bj[lcid] = bucketsizeduration_max;
	else
	  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.Bj[lcid] = bucketsizeduration;
      }
      if (update_bsr(Mod_id,frame, lcid, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[lcid])) { 
	UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending= 1;
	LOG_D(MAC,"[UE %d][SR] Frame %d subframe %d SR for PUSCH is pending for LCGID %d with BSR level %d (%d bytes in RLC)\n",
	      Mod_id, frame,subframe,UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[lcid],
	      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[lcid]],
	      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR_bytes[UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.LCGID[lcid]]);
      }
    }
  }
  // UE has no valid phy config dedicated ||  no valid/released  SR
  if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].physicalConfigDedicated == NULL)) {
    // cancel all pending SRs
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending=0;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].ul_active=0;
    LOG_T(MAC,"[UE %d] Release all SRs \n", Mod_id);
    vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SCHEDULER, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
    return(CONNECTION_OK);
  }

  if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].physicalConfigDedicated->schedulingRequestConfig == NULL) ||
      (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].physicalConfigDedicated->schedulingRequestConfig->present == SchedulingRequestConfig_PR_release)){

    // initiate RA with CRNTI included in msg3 (no contention) as descibed in 36.321 sec 5.1.5

    // cancel all pending SRs
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.SR_pending=0;
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].ul_active=0;
    LOG_T(MAC,"[UE %d] Release all SRs \n", Mod_id);
  }

  // Put this in a function
  // Call PHR procedure as described in Section 5.4.6 in 36.321 
  if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_state == MAC_MainConfig__phr_Config_PR_setup){ // normal operation
    if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reconfigured == 1) { // upon (re)configuration of the power headroom reporting functionality by upper layers
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active = 1;
      UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reconfigured = 0;
    } else {
        //LOG_D(MAC,"PHR normal operation %d active %d \n", UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicPHR_SF, UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active);
        if ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.prohibitPHR_SF <= 0) &&
            ((mac_xface->get_PL(Mod_id,eNB_index) <  UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.PathlossChange_db) ||
	   (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].power_backoff_db[eNB_index] > UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.PathlossChange_db)))
            // trigger PHR and reset the timer later when the PHR report is sent
            UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active = 1;
      else if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active ==0 )
            UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.prohibitPHR_SF--;
      if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicPHR_SF <= 0 )
            // trigger PHR and reset the timer later when the PHR report is sent
            UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active = 1;
      else if (UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active == 0 )
            UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.periodicPHR_SF--;
    }
  } else {    // release / nothing
    UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].PHR_reporting_active = 0; // release PHR
  }
  //If the UE has UL resources allocated for new transmission for this TTI here:
  vcd_signal_dumper_dump_function_by_name(VCD_SIGNAL_DUMPER_FUNCTIONS_UE_SCHEDULER, VCD_FUNCTION_OUT);
  return(CONNECTION_OK);
}

// to be improved
#ifdef CBA
double uniform_rngen(int min, int max) {		
  double random = (double)taus()/((double)0xffffffff);
  return (max - min) * random + min;
}

int use_cba_access(u8 Mod_id,u32 frame,u8 subframe, u8 eNB_index){
  
  if (( ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID1]>0)&&(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID1]<64))   ||
        ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID2]>0)&&(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID2]<64))   ||
        ((UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID3]>0)&&(UE_mac_inst[Mod_id].scheduling_info.BSR[LCGID3]<64)) )